A major consequence of diabetes mellitus type 2 is the accelerated development of atherosclerosis. Assessment of conventional risk factors such as plasma lipids, lipoproteins and hypertension only partly account for the excessive risk of developing cardiovascular disease in this population. Increasing evidence has emerged suggesting that conditions associated with diabetes mellitus type 2, such as insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia, may also play a significant role in regulating 'novel' cardiovascular risk factors. These factors and their potential roles in the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events are discussed in this review. (C) 2000 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Cell Biology