Can Occult Invasive Disease in Ductal Carcinoma In Situ Be Predicted Using Computer-extracted Mammographic Features?

Bibo Shi, Lars J. Grimm, Maciej A. Mazurowski, Jay A. Baker, Jeffrey R. Marks, Lorraine M. King, Carlo Maley, E. Shelley Hwang, Joseph Y. Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale and Objectives This study aimed to determine whether mammographic features assessed by radiologists and using computer algorithms are prognostic of occult invasive disease for patients showing ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) only in core biopsy. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, we analyzed data from 99 subjects with DCIS (74 pure DCIS, 25 DCIS with occult invasion). We developed a computer-vision algorithm capable of extracting 113 features from magnification views in mammograms and combining these features to predict whether a DCIS case will be upstaged to invasive cancer at the time of definitive surgery. In comparison, we also built predictive models based on physician-interpreted features, which included histologic features extracted from biopsy reports and Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System-related mammographic features assessed by two radiologists. The generalization performance was assessed using leave-one-out cross validation with the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Results Using the computer-extracted mammographic features, the multivariate classifier was able to distinguish DCIS with occult invasion from pure DCIS, with an area under the curve for receiver operating characteristic equal to 0.70 (95% confidence interval: 0.59–0.81). The physician-interpreted features including histologic features and Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System-related mammographic features assessed by two radiologists showed mixed results, and only one radiologist's subjective assessment was predictive, with an area under the curve for receiver operating characteristic equal to 0.68 (95% confidence interval: 0.57–0.81). Conclusions Predicting upstaging for DCIS based upon mammograms is challenging, and there exists significant interobserver variability among radiologists. However, the proposed computer-extracted mammographic features are promising for the prediction of occult invasion in DCIS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1139-1147
Number of pages9
JournalAcademic radiology
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • CAD
  • digital mammogram
  • ductal carcinoma in situ
  • microcalcification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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