The flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope is currently the standard tool for localization of radiographically occult carcinomas of the tracheobronchial tree. It allows direct inspection of proximal airways and can establish the location of most occult lung cancers. A small percentage of patients present with bronchoscopically as well as radiographically occult carcinoma, particularly challenging because definitive localization is required before a therapeutic plan can be outlined. Selective cytologic brushing of each lobar segment, taking random biopsy specimens, has been used to assist in localization of these early cancers. Recently, fluorescent compounds have been used to assist in localizing early lung cancers and in the treatment of radiographically occult carcinoma. We review the current methods of bronchoscopic localization and treatment of radiographically occult lung cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine