Bridging the Gap: Classroom Strategies Assessment System–Observer Form

Ryan J. Kettler, Linda A. Reddy, Todd A. Glover, Alexander Kurz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The Classroom Strategies Assessment System–Observer Form (CSAS-O) is a classroom observational system that combines direct observations and rating scales to assess teacher instructional and behavioral management practices, inform goals, plan professional development interventions, and monitor progress. CSAS-O Strategy Rating Scales yield scores indicating the discrepancy between the frequency with which observed teachers use evidence-based strategies and the recommended frequency with which they should use strategies during specific lessons. An illustrative example is provided along with a summary of reliability and validity evidence. Dudek, Reddy, Lekwa, & Hua write about Improving Universal Classroom Practices through Teacher Formative Assessment and Coaching using the CSAS-O in the current issue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-122
Number of pages3
JournalAssessment for Effective Intervention
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019


  • instruction
  • observation
  • rating scales

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Health Professions(all)


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