Awareness of Arizona's immigration law SB1070 predicts classroom behavioural problems among Latino youths during early adolescence

Carlos E. Santos, Cecilia Menjívar, Rachel A. VanDaalen, Olga Kornienko, Kimberly Updegraff, Samantha Cruz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Bridging diverse areas of inquiry (i.e. legal studies and developmental psychology), this study explored the longitudinal association between Latina/o youths’ burgeoning legal consciousness, measured as awareness of Senate Bill 1070 (SB1070) in Arizona, and their adjustment in school, measured as classroom regulatory behaviours, and examined whether this association varied across immigrant generational status and gender. Participants were 689 Latina/o middle school students in Arizona (Mage = 12.06 years, SD =.98). Multiple regression analysis revealed a significant interaction between Latina/o youths’ awareness of SB1070 at Time 1 and gender in predicting classroom regulatory behaviours at Time 2 (controlling for levels of it at Time 1). Males who were higher on awareness of SB1070 at Time 1 reported lower levels of classroom regulatory behaviours at Time 2. This study underscores the importance of measuring youths’ awareness of laws and how this awareness may impact their academic adjustment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1672-1690
Number of pages19
JournalEthnic and Racial Studies
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jul 15 2018



  • Latinas/Latinos
  • Legal consciousness
  • academic achievement
  • academic adjustment
  • classroom behaviours
  • immigration laws

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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