Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and depression symptoms as mediators in the intergenerational transmission of smoking

Alex Zoloto, Craig T. Nagoshi, Clark Presson, Laurie Chassin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and depression have been found to be comorbid with smoking behaviors, and all three behavioral syndromes have been shown to be familially transmitted. The present paper reports on the results of analyses testing whether child attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and depression symptoms were mediators in the intergenerational transmission of cigarette smoking. Method: Path analyses using bootstrapped mediation procedures were conducted on data from a community sample of 764 families (one or both parents and one adolescent offspring) from the Indiana University Smoking Survey. Parents reported on their smoking behaviors, ADHD, and depression and their child's ADHD, while offspring reported on their smoking behaviors and depression. Results: Although fathers' and mothers' smoking status, depression, and ADHD were not significantly correlated with boys' smoking initiation, there was a significant mediated (indirect) pathway from mothers' depression to boys' smoking initiation through boys' depression. Several parental variables were significantly correlated with smoking initiation in girls, and the pathways from mothers' smoking status, mothers' ADHD, and fathers' smoking status to girls' smoking initiation were significantly mediated by girls' ADHD. Conclusions: For adolescent girls, the intergenerational transmission of ADHD appears to be important in understanding the intergenerational transmission of cigarette smoking. Sex differences in the intergenerational transmission of psychopathology as it leads to smoking initiation were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalDrug and alcohol dependence
Volume126
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

Keywords

  • Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Depression
  • Familial transmission
  • Smoking initiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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