Atmospheric Characterization of Hot Jupiter CoRoT-1 b Using the Wide Field Camera 3 on the Hubble Space Telescope

Kayli Glidic, Everett Schlawin, Lindsey Wiser, Yifan Zhou, Drake Deming, Michael Line

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exoplanet CoRoT-1 b is intriguing because we predict it to be a transitional planet between hot Jupiters (equilibrium temperatures ∼1500 K) and ultrahot Jupiters (equilibrium temperatures >2000 K). In 2012, observations of CoRoT-1 b included one primary transit and three secondary eclipses with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) combined with the G141 grism (1.1-1.7 μm) in stare mode. We aimed to further investigate CoRoT-1 b through its secondary eclipses, producing spectrophotometric light curves corrected for charge trapping, also known as the ramp effect in time-series observations with the WFC3. We found that, when correcting for the ramp effect and using the typically discarded first orbit, we are better capable of constraining and optimizing the emission and transmission spectra. We did a grid retrieval in this transitional temperature regime and found the spectra for CoRoT-1 b to be featureless and to agree with an inverted temperature-pressure (T-P) profile. We note, however, that the contribution function for the WFC3 indicates pressures probed near 10-3 to 100 bar, which correspond to a nearly isothermal region in our T-P profile, thereby indicating that the inversion at high altitude is model-dependent. Despite no distinct features, the analysis done on CoRoT-1 b paves the way to high-precision results with stare mode spectroscopy. As a new generation of observations from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) approaches, CoRoT-1 b might be an interesting follow-up target because the time-series spectroscopic modes of JWST's NIRSpec, MIRI, and NIRCam instruments will be analogous to HST's stare mode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number19
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume164
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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