Assessing the validity of nicotine abstinence effects by self- and observer ratings under 'blinded' conditions

James C. Tate, Annette L. Stanton, Samuel B. Green, Joy M. Schmitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors examined the validity of nicotine abstinence effects by using both self- and observer ratings. Participants were 61 cigarette smokers undergoing 48 hr of smoking abstinence and 61 collateral observers. Ratings of abstinence effects were derived from both self- and observer reports. A 3-part analytic strategy was used. First, the authors conducted an analysis of variance to determine which negative mood states both observers and abstaining cigarette smokers report as abstinence effects. During abstinence, both groups reported significant increases in anxiety, anger, impatience, restlessness, and confusion, and a significant decrease in vigor. Both groups reported nonsignificant changes in fatigue and drowsiness. The authors compared the magnitude of self- and observer-reported abstinence effects and found no differences between these 2 sets of scores. The results of a multitrait multimethod analysis indicated modest convergent and poor discriminant validity for individual abstinence effects. Results converge with previous findings to support the validity of a general nicotine abstinence syndrome but highlight the need for refinement in the assessment of individual component symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-335
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nicotine
Tobacco Products
Confusion
Psychomotor Agitation
Sleep Stages
Anger
Self Report
Fatigue
Analysis of Variance
Anxiety
Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Assessing the validity of nicotine abstinence effects by self- and observer ratings under 'blinded' conditions. / Tate, James C.; Stanton, Annette L.; Green, Samuel B.; Schmitz, Joy M.

In: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1996, p. 330-335.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tate, James C. ; Stanton, Annette L. ; Green, Samuel B. ; Schmitz, Joy M. / Assessing the validity of nicotine abstinence effects by self- and observer ratings under 'blinded' conditions. In: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. 1996 ; Vol. 4, No. 3. pp. 330-335.
@article{dc83ba4747d446d2a45d8113db958e9d,
title = "Assessing the validity of nicotine abstinence effects by self- and observer ratings under 'blinded' conditions",
abstract = "The authors examined the validity of nicotine abstinence effects by using both self- and observer ratings. Participants were 61 cigarette smokers undergoing 48 hr of smoking abstinence and 61 collateral observers. Ratings of abstinence effects were derived from both self- and observer reports. A 3-part analytic strategy was used. First, the authors conducted an analysis of variance to determine which negative mood states both observers and abstaining cigarette smokers report as abstinence effects. During abstinence, both groups reported significant increases in anxiety, anger, impatience, restlessness, and confusion, and a significant decrease in vigor. Both groups reported nonsignificant changes in fatigue and drowsiness. The authors compared the magnitude of self- and observer-reported abstinence effects and found no differences between these 2 sets of scores. The results of a multitrait multimethod analysis indicated modest convergent and poor discriminant validity for individual abstinence effects. Results converge with previous findings to support the validity of a general nicotine abstinence syndrome but highlight the need for refinement in the assessment of individual component symptoms.",
author = "Tate, {James C.} and Stanton, {Annette L.} and Green, {Samuel B.} and Schmitz, {Joy M.}",
year = "1996",
doi = "10.1037//1064-1297.4.3.330",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4",
pages = "330--335",
journal = "Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology",
issn = "1064-1297",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing the validity of nicotine abstinence effects by self- and observer ratings under 'blinded' conditions

AU - Tate, James C.

AU - Stanton, Annette L.

AU - Green, Samuel B.

AU - Schmitz, Joy M.

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - The authors examined the validity of nicotine abstinence effects by using both self- and observer ratings. Participants were 61 cigarette smokers undergoing 48 hr of smoking abstinence and 61 collateral observers. Ratings of abstinence effects were derived from both self- and observer reports. A 3-part analytic strategy was used. First, the authors conducted an analysis of variance to determine which negative mood states both observers and abstaining cigarette smokers report as abstinence effects. During abstinence, both groups reported significant increases in anxiety, anger, impatience, restlessness, and confusion, and a significant decrease in vigor. Both groups reported nonsignificant changes in fatigue and drowsiness. The authors compared the magnitude of self- and observer-reported abstinence effects and found no differences between these 2 sets of scores. The results of a multitrait multimethod analysis indicated modest convergent and poor discriminant validity for individual abstinence effects. Results converge with previous findings to support the validity of a general nicotine abstinence syndrome but highlight the need for refinement in the assessment of individual component symptoms.

AB - The authors examined the validity of nicotine abstinence effects by using both self- and observer ratings. Participants were 61 cigarette smokers undergoing 48 hr of smoking abstinence and 61 collateral observers. Ratings of abstinence effects were derived from both self- and observer reports. A 3-part analytic strategy was used. First, the authors conducted an analysis of variance to determine which negative mood states both observers and abstaining cigarette smokers report as abstinence effects. During abstinence, both groups reported significant increases in anxiety, anger, impatience, restlessness, and confusion, and a significant decrease in vigor. Both groups reported nonsignificant changes in fatigue and drowsiness. The authors compared the magnitude of self- and observer-reported abstinence effects and found no differences between these 2 sets of scores. The results of a multitrait multimethod analysis indicated modest convergent and poor discriminant validity for individual abstinence effects. Results converge with previous findings to support the validity of a general nicotine abstinence syndrome but highlight the need for refinement in the assessment of individual component symptoms.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029817771&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029817771&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037//1064-1297.4.3.330

DO - 10.1037//1064-1297.4.3.330

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0029817771

VL - 4

SP - 330

EP - 335

JO - Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology

JF - Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology

SN - 1064-1297

IS - 3

ER -