Anthropogenic signals in Iranian extreme temperature indices

Robert Balling, Mohammad Sadegh Keikhosravi Kiany, Shouraseni Sen Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


We analyzed spatial and temporal patterns in temperature extremes from 31 stations located throughout Iran for the period 1961 to 2010. As with many other parts of the globe, we found that the number of days (a) with high maximum temperatures was rising, (b) with high minimum temperatures was rising, and (c) with low minimum temperatures was declining; all of these trends were statistically significant at the 0.05 level of confidence. Population records from 1956 to 2011 at the station locations allowed us to reveal that the rate of human population growth was positively related to the increase in the number of days with high maximum temperatures and negatively related to days with low maximum temperatures. Our research shows a number of identifiable anthropogenic signals in the temperature records from Iran, but unlike most other studies, the signals are stronger with indices related to maximum, not minimum, temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-101
Number of pages6
JournalAtmospheric Research
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • Iran
  • Population
  • Temperature extremes
  • Weekly cycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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