Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE): A marker for personalized feedback on dieting

Shilpa Tejpal, Narinder Sanghera, Vijayalaxmi Manoharan, Joan Planas-Iglesias, Claire C. Bastie, Judith Klein-Seetharaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) expression and activity is associated with obesity. ACE is a circulating factor that predicts sustained weight loss over a time frame of months. Here, we evaluate whether ACE might also be an early marker (over a 24-hour period) for weight loss. 32 participants (78% females; BMI 28.47 ± 4.87kg/m2) followed a 1200KCal diet with an optional daily (<250KCal) snack and were asked to use an in-house generated health platform to provide recordings of food intake, physical activity and urine collection time and volume. Following a day of dieting, ACE levels in urine negatively correlated with weight loss (p = 0.015 ). This reduction in ACE levels was significantly more robust in individuals with a BMI > 25 (p = 0.0025 ). This study demonstrated that ACE levels correlate with BMI and weight loss as early as after 1 day of dieting, and thus ACE could be a potential early “biofeedback” marker for weight loss and diet efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number660
JournalNutrients
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ACE
  • Biomarkers
  • Dieting
  • Obesity
  • Personalized feedback
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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