An examination of ethnic identity and self-esteem with diverse populations: Exploring variation by ethnicity and geography

Adriana J. Umaña-Taylor, Nana Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations


The current study examined the relationships among ethnic identity and self-esteem across multiple ethnic groups within two distinct geographical locations (N = 1,344). In the current study, for same ethnic group members, the components of ethnic identity (i.e., exploration, resolution, and affirmation) were differentially related to self-esteem based on geographical context. Furthermore, within each geographical context, the strength of the relation between each ethnic identity component and self-esteem varied based on group membership, suggesting that the variables may be more or less influential on self-esteem depending on one's group membership. Based on these results, the exploration and resolution subscales of the Ethnic Identity scale (EIS) appear to be valid and reliable with diverse samples, whereas support for the affirmation subscale of the EIS is more tenuous. Finally, these findings suggest that ethnic identity may have varying salience and meaning for same ethnic group members in different geographical contexts (e.g., Asian Americans in California vs. Asian Americans in the Midwest).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-186
Number of pages9
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007



  • Context
  • Diverse populations
  • Ethic identity
  • Geography
  • Self-esteem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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