An evaluation of LLIN ownership, access, and use during the Magude project in southern Mozambique

Lucia Fernández Montoya, Celso Alafo, Helena Martí-Soler, Mara Máquina, Arlindo Malheia, Charfudin Sacoor, Ana Paula Abílio, Dulcisaria Marrenjo, Nelson Cuamba, Beatriz Galatas, Pedro Aide, Francisco Saúte, Krijn P. Paaijmans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Magude Project assessed the feasibly of eliminating malaria in a low transmission setting in southern Mozambique using a package of interventions. This study measured the ownership, access and use of long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLINs) and inequalities in these indicators across household wealth, size and population subgroups, to understand the protection that LLINs provided during the project. Data were obtained from various household surveys. At least 31% of the nets distributed during the 2014 and 2017 campaigns were lost during the first year post-distribution. Most nets (77.1%) present in the district were Olyset Nets. LLIN access never exceeded 76.3% and use varied seasonally between 40% and 76.4%. LLIN access limited LLIN use during the project, especially during the high transmission season. LLIN ownership, access and use were lower in harder-to-reach localities, in poorer and larger households. Children and women below 30 had poorer access to LLINs than the overall population. Net use was lowest among school-aged children and young adults, especially among young males, and highest in children under 5, pregnant women, in older adults and in households that received indoor residual spraying (IRS). This study revealed that LLIN mass-distribution campaigns alone are not sufficient to achieve the high level of net protection needed during elimination programs and that reviewing the LLIN allocation scheme, top-up distributions and/or community engagement campaigns is needed, also to reduce inequalities in populations' access to LLINs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0282209
JournalPloS one
Issue number3 March
StatePublished - Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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