Amine distribution and carbon dioxide sorption performance of amine coated silica aerogel sorbents: Effect of synthesis methods.

Nick N. Linneen, Robert Pfeffer, Jerry Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) modified silica aerogel CO2 adsorbents were prepared by two methods: evaporative precipitation and wet-impregnation. The distribution of amine on the support and CO2 adsorption performance of these sorbents were studied by nitrogen porosimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and CO2 gravimetric adsorption analysis to understand the synthesis-structure-CO 2 adsorption property relationships of the silica aerogel supported amine sorbents. The sorbents prepared by evaporative precipitation showed slightly better distributions of TEPA and adsorption performance relative to the wet impregnated analogues. The enhancements observed, however, were unexpectedly small suggesting that the two methods of amine immobilization result in similar TEPA distributions. It appears that the thermodynamic limitation toward lowering the free energy of the system is causing the TEPA to consolidate inside the aerogel network, suggesting that methods of impregnation are of little influence on amine distribution within the pore network of the support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14671-14679
Number of pages9
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume52
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2013

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Aerogels
Sorbents
Carbon Dioxide
Silicon Dioxide
Amines
Sorption
Carbon dioxide
Silica
Adsorption
Impregnation
Carbon Monoxide
Adsorbents
Free energy
Thermogravimetric analysis
Nitrogen
Thermodynamics
Transmission electron microscopy
tetraethylenepentamine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Amine distribution and carbon dioxide sorption performance of amine coated silica aerogel sorbents : Effect of synthesis methods. / Linneen, Nick N.; Pfeffer, Robert; Lin, Jerry.

In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 52, No. 41, 16.10.2013, p. 14671-14679.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) modified silica aerogel CO2 adsorbents were prepared by two methods: evaporative precipitation and wet-impregnation. The distribution of amine on the support and CO2 adsorption performance of these sorbents were studied by nitrogen porosimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and CO2 gravimetric adsorption analysis to understand the synthesis-structure-CO 2 adsorption property relationships of the silica aerogel supported amine sorbents. The sorbents prepared by evaporative precipitation showed slightly better distributions of TEPA and adsorption performance relative to the wet impregnated analogues. The enhancements observed, however, were unexpectedly small suggesting that the two methods of amine immobilization result in similar TEPA distributions. It appears that the thermodynamic limitation toward lowering the free energy of the system is causing the TEPA to consolidate inside the aerogel network, suggesting that methods of impregnation are of little influence on amine distribution within the pore network of the support.

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