Adult prostitution recidivism: Risk factors and impact of a diversion program

Dominique E. Roe-Sepowitz, Kristine E. Hickle, Martha Pérez Loubert, Tom Egan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to explore the risk factors and the impact of a prostitution diversion program on prostitution recidivism. Risk factors and recidivism were explored using chi-square, t tests, and survival analysis. Participants were 448 individuals who were arrested for prostitution and attended a prostitutionfocused diversion program. Of the sample, 65 were rearrested for prostitution (14.5%) within the first 12 months after the arrest leading to their involvement in the diversion program. Prior arrest for prostitution, addiction to drugs and=or alcohol, and childhood physical abuse were found to be risk factors for prostitution rearrest. The relationship between program completion and recidivism was found to be significant with the participants who completed all program requirements less likely to have been rearrested. Future studies on risk factors for recidivism and program impact should include separating males and females as well as exploring those who began sex work before age 18 compared to those who began after age 18. The program components could also be provided to women while incarcerated to compare risk factors and the impact on recidivism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-285
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Offender Rehabilitation
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011


  • Exiting
  • Prostitution
  • Prostitution recidivism
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Law


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