Adaptation of an Acculturation Scale for African Refugee Women

Crista Johnson, Priscilla Flynn, Gladys B. Asiedu, Eric Hedberg, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Newly-arrived African refugees are a vulnerable group of immigrants for whom no validated acculturation measures exist. A valid measurement tool is essential to understand how acculturative processes impact health and health disparities. We adapted the Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire (BIQ) to characterize its reliability among ethnic Somali women residing in Minnesota, and Somali, Somali Bantu, and Burundian women in Arizona. Surveys were administered to 164 adult women. Analyses were conducted along socio-demographic variables of ethnicity, geographic residence, age, and length of time in the United States through t tests and one-way analysis of variance. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted on the modified BIQ. Exploratory factor analyses yielded five subscales: “Speak Native Language”, “Speak English Language”, “Enjoy Native Activities”, “Enjoy American Activities”, and “Desired Ideal Culture”. The subscales of the modified BIQ possessed Cronbach’s α ranging from 0.68 to 0.92, suggestive that all subscales had acceptable to excellent internal consistency. The modified BIQ maintained its psychometric properties across geographic regions of resettled Central and East African refugees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-262
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • African
  • Biculturalism
  • Refugees
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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