Actor‐Observer Differences in Conversational Memory

LAURA STAFFORD, VINCENT R. WALDRON, LINDA L. INFIELD

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of participant and observer perspectives on the quantity and quality of information recalled from conversations were examined. The observers were exposed to the conversation through videotape, audiotape, or transcript. No differences were found between participants and observers on measures of recall quantity. However, analysis of the composition of recall protocols indicated that participants reported more thematic and evaluative statements while observers produced more errors and elaborations. Observers of videotaped conversations also reported more descriptions and made more references to motives. Instruction set was also found to influence subjects’ recollections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)590-611
Number of pages22
JournalHuman Communication Research
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Tape Recording
Videotape Recording
conversation
Data storage equipment
Chemical analysis
instruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Actor‐Observer Differences in Conversational Memory. / STAFFORD, LAURA; WALDRON, VINCENT R.; INFIELD, LINDA L.

In: Human Communication Research, Vol. 15, No. 4, 1989, p. 590-611.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

STAFFORD, LAURA ; WALDRON, VINCENT R. ; INFIELD, LINDA L. / Actor‐Observer Differences in Conversational Memory. In: Human Communication Research. 1989 ; Vol. 15, No. 4. pp. 590-611.
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