TY - JOUR

T1 - Activity coefficients in electrolyte mixtures

T2 - HCl + ThCl4 + H2O for 5-55 °C

AU - Roy, Rabindra N.

AU - Vogel, Kathleen M.

AU - Good, Catherine E.

AU - Davis, William B.

AU - Roy, Lakshmi N.

AU - Johnson, David A.

AU - Felmy, Andrew R.

AU - Pitzer, Kenneth S.

N1 - Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - The emf of the cell without liquid junction (A) was used to study the HCl + ThCl4 + H2O mixed electrolyte system. The Pt, H2(g,1 atm)|HCl(mA), ThCl4(mB)|AgCl,Ag (A) emf was measured for solutions at constant total ionic strengths of 0.006, 0.008, 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 mol·kg-1 and at temperatures ranging from 5 to 55°C. The mean activity coefficients of HCl in the mixtures were calculated using the Nernst equation. Two detailed treatments are given of the data for 25°C. In the first, the Harned equations were fitted to the activity coefficient data using least-squares regression techniques. Results show that the quadratic equation is adequate for the full range of YB to 0.9 for I ≤ 2.0 mol·kg-1 but only for smaller YB at I = 3.0. Second, an ion-interaction (Pitzer) equation treatment is given in which experimental isopiestic measurements, solubility, and the activity coefficient data are analyzed and the necessary parameters developed for the H+-Th4+-Cl--H2O system.

AB - The emf of the cell without liquid junction (A) was used to study the HCl + ThCl4 + H2O mixed electrolyte system. The Pt, H2(g,1 atm)|HCl(mA), ThCl4(mB)|AgCl,Ag (A) emf was measured for solutions at constant total ionic strengths of 0.006, 0.008, 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 mol·kg-1 and at temperatures ranging from 5 to 55°C. The mean activity coefficients of HCl in the mixtures were calculated using the Nernst equation. Two detailed treatments are given of the data for 25°C. In the first, the Harned equations were fitted to the activity coefficient data using least-squares regression techniques. Results show that the quadratic equation is adequate for the full range of YB to 0.9 for I ≤ 2.0 mol·kg-1 but only for smaller YB at I = 3.0. Second, an ion-interaction (Pitzer) equation treatment is given in which experimental isopiestic measurements, solubility, and the activity coefficient data are analyzed and the necessary parameters developed for the H+-Th4+-Cl--H2O system.

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U2 - 10.1021/j100205a081

DO - 10.1021/j100205a081

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0001331429

VL - 96

SP - 11065

EP - 11072

JO - Journal of Physical Chemistry

JF - Journal of Physical Chemistry

SN - 0022-3654

IS - 26

ER -