Acculturation is associated with higher VO2max in overweight hispanic children

Noé C. Crespo, Geoff D C Ball, Gabriel Shaibi, Martha L. Cruz, Marc J. Weigensberg, Michael I. Goran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acculturation has been implicated to be associated with physical activity (PA) behaviors in adults; little is known, however, with respect to the pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to determine whether cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) and/or PA were associated with acculturation status in overweight Hispanic children. In a sample of 144 children 8-13 years old, acculturation status was determined by place of birth: foreign born (n = 17), 1st generation (n = 101), or 2nd/3rd generation (n = 26), and by questionnaire: less assimilated (n = 76) or more assimilated (n = 34). VO2max was measured using a treadmill protocol, PA was assessed by questionnaire, and body composition by DEXA. ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to determine unadjusted and adjusted group differences, respectively. After adjusting for covariates, the 2nd/3rd generation group had significantly higher VO2max compared with the 1st generation group: 2.26 ± 0.20 L/min vs. 2.15 ± 0.19 L/min, p = .03. No differences were noted for PA, however. Acculturation to the U.S. is associated with higher VO2max in overweight Hispanic children. Longitudinal analyses are needed to determine whether these fitness differences confer protective health effects in this at-risk population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalPediatric Exercise Science
Volume18
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Acculturation
Hispanic Americans
Exercise
Body Composition
Analysis of Variance
Pediatrics
Health
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Crespo, N. C., Ball, G. D. C., Shaibi, G., Cruz, M. L., Weigensberg, M. J., & Goran, M. I. (2006). Acculturation is associated with higher VO2max in overweight hispanic children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 18(1), 89-100.

Acculturation is associated with higher VO2max in overweight hispanic children. / Crespo, Noé C.; Ball, Geoff D C; Shaibi, Gabriel; Cruz, Martha L.; Weigensberg, Marc J.; Goran, Michael I.

In: Pediatric Exercise Science, Vol. 18, No. 1, 03.2006, p. 89-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crespo, NC, Ball, GDC, Shaibi, G, Cruz, ML, Weigensberg, MJ & Goran, MI 2006, 'Acculturation is associated with higher VO2max in overweight hispanic children', Pediatric Exercise Science, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 89-100.
Crespo NC, Ball GDC, Shaibi G, Cruz ML, Weigensberg MJ, Goran MI. Acculturation is associated with higher VO2max in overweight hispanic children. Pediatric Exercise Science. 2006 Mar;18(1):89-100.
Crespo, Noé C. ; Ball, Geoff D C ; Shaibi, Gabriel ; Cruz, Martha L. ; Weigensberg, Marc J. ; Goran, Michael I. / Acculturation is associated with higher VO2max in overweight hispanic children. In: Pediatric Exercise Science. 2006 ; Vol. 18, No. 1. pp. 89-100.
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