Accessibility of gender stereotype domains: Developmental and gender differences in children

Cindy Faith Miller, Leah E. Lurye, Kristina M. Zosuls, Diane N. Ruble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present research examined developmental and gender differences in the relative accessibility of different gender stereotype domains. A 1988 Northeastern US sample of 256 children ages 3 to 10 years old provided open-ended descriptions of girls and boys. Responses were coded by domain to examine differences by grade, gender of participant, and gender of target. Analyses revealed that girls and older children provided a higher proportion of stereotypes, and that appearance stereotypes were particularly prevalent in descriptions of girls and activity/trait stereotypes were more prevalent in descriptions of boys. Results are discussed in terms of implications for research on the stereotype knowledge-behavior link and the need for more attention to the role of appearance stereotypes in the gender stereotype literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)870-881
Number of pages12
JournalSex Roles
Volume60
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Gender differences
  • Gender stereotypes
  • Stereotype accessibility
  • Stereotype domains

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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