Access to parks and physical activity: An eight country comparison

Jasper Schipperijn, Ester Cerin, Marc Adams, Rodrigo Reis, Graham Smith, Kelli Cain, Lars B. Christiansen, Delfien van Dyck, Christopher Gidlow, Lawrence D. Frank, Josef Mitáš, Michael Pratt, Deborah Salvo, Grant Schofield, James F. Sallis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several systematic reviews have reported mixed associations between access to parks and physical activity, and suggest that this is due to inconsistencies in the study methods or differences across countries. An international study using consistent methods is needed to investigate the association between access to parks and physical activity. The International Physical Activity and Environment Network (IPEN) Adult Study is a multi-country cross-sectional study using a common design and consistent methods. Accelerometer, survey and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data for 6181 participants from 12 cities in 8 countries (Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, Denmark, Mexico, New Zealand, UK, USA) were used to estimate the strength and shape of associations of 11 measures of park access (1 perceived and 10 GIS-based measures) with accelerometer-based moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and four types of self-reported leisure-time physical activity. Associations were estimated using generalized additive mixed models. More parks within 1 km from participants' homes were associated with greater leisure-time physical activity and accelerometer-measured MVPA. Respondents who lived in the neighborhoods with the most parks did on average 24 min more MVPA per week than those living in the neighborhoods with the lowest number of parks. Perceived proximity to a park was positively associated with multiple leisure-time physical activity outcomes. Associations were homogeneous across all cities studied. Living in neighborhoods with many parks could contribute with up to 1/6 of the recommended weekly Having multiple parks nearby was the strongest positive correlate of PA. To increase comparability and validity of park access measures, we recommend that researchers, planners and policy makers use the number of parks within 1 km travel distance of homes as an objective indicator for park access in relation to physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-263
Number of pages11
JournalUrban Forestry and Urban Greening
Volume27
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Fingerprint

physical activity
accelerometer
geographic information systems
comparison
study method
systematic review
Belgium
cross-sectional studies
Denmark
travel
Czech Republic
researchers
Mexico
methodology

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • Exercise
  • GIS
  • IPEN
  • Leisure-time
  • Multi-country
  • Recreation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Ecology
  • Soil Science

Cite this

Schipperijn, J., Cerin, E., Adams, M., Reis, R., Smith, G., Cain, K., ... Sallis, J. F. (2017). Access to parks and physical activity: An eight country comparison. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 27, 253-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2017.08.010

Access to parks and physical activity : An eight country comparison. / Schipperijn, Jasper; Cerin, Ester; Adams, Marc; Reis, Rodrigo; Smith, Graham; Cain, Kelli; Christiansen, Lars B.; Dyck, Delfien van; Gidlow, Christopher; Frank, Lawrence D.; Mitáš, Josef; Pratt, Michael; Salvo, Deborah; Schofield, Grant; Sallis, James F.

In: Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, Vol. 27, 01.10.2017, p. 253-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schipperijn, J, Cerin, E, Adams, M, Reis, R, Smith, G, Cain, K, Christiansen, LB, Dyck, DV, Gidlow, C, Frank, LD, Mitáš, J, Pratt, M, Salvo, D, Schofield, G & Sallis, JF 2017, 'Access to parks and physical activity: An eight country comparison', Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, vol. 27, pp. 253-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2017.08.010
Schipperijn, Jasper ; Cerin, Ester ; Adams, Marc ; Reis, Rodrigo ; Smith, Graham ; Cain, Kelli ; Christiansen, Lars B. ; Dyck, Delfien van ; Gidlow, Christopher ; Frank, Lawrence D. ; Mitáš, Josef ; Pratt, Michael ; Salvo, Deborah ; Schofield, Grant ; Sallis, James F. / Access to parks and physical activity : An eight country comparison. In: Urban Forestry and Urban Greening. 2017 ; Vol. 27. pp. 253-263.
@article{4ce6fdfe16594b3ea192afcf5b404f1a,
title = "Access to parks and physical activity: An eight country comparison",
abstract = "Several systematic reviews have reported mixed associations between access to parks and physical activity, and suggest that this is due to inconsistencies in the study methods or differences across countries. An international study using consistent methods is needed to investigate the association between access to parks and physical activity. The International Physical Activity and Environment Network (IPEN) Adult Study is a multi-country cross-sectional study using a common design and consistent methods. Accelerometer, survey and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data for 6181 participants from 12 cities in 8 countries (Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, Denmark, Mexico, New Zealand, UK, USA) were used to estimate the strength and shape of associations of 11 measures of park access (1 perceived and 10 GIS-based measures) with accelerometer-based moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and four types of self-reported leisure-time physical activity. Associations were estimated using generalized additive mixed models. More parks within 1 km from participants' homes were associated with greater leisure-time physical activity and accelerometer-measured MVPA. Respondents who lived in the neighborhoods with the most parks did on average 24 min more MVPA per week than those living in the neighborhoods with the lowest number of parks. Perceived proximity to a park was positively associated with multiple leisure-time physical activity outcomes. Associations were homogeneous across all cities studied. Living in neighborhoods with many parks could contribute with up to 1/6 of the recommended weekly Having multiple parks nearby was the strongest positive correlate of PA. To increase comparability and validity of park access measures, we recommend that researchers, planners and policy makers use the number of parks within 1 km travel distance of homes as an objective indicator for park access in relation to physical activity.",
keywords = "Accelerometry, Exercise, GIS, IPEN, Leisure-time, Multi-country, Recreation",
author = "Jasper Schipperijn and Ester Cerin and Marc Adams and Rodrigo Reis and Graham Smith and Kelli Cain and Christiansen, {Lars B.} and Dyck, {Delfien van} and Christopher Gidlow and Frank, {Lawrence D.} and Josef Mit{\'a}š and Michael Pratt and Deborah Salvo and Grant Schofield and Sallis, {James F.}",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ufug.2017.08.010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "253--263",
journal = "Urban Forestry and Urban Greening",
issn = "1618-8667",
publisher = "Urban und Fischer Verlag GmbH und Co. KG",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Access to parks and physical activity

T2 - An eight country comparison

AU - Schipperijn, Jasper

AU - Cerin, Ester

AU - Adams, Marc

AU - Reis, Rodrigo

AU - Smith, Graham

AU - Cain, Kelli

AU - Christiansen, Lars B.

AU - Dyck, Delfien van

AU - Gidlow, Christopher

AU - Frank, Lawrence D.

AU - Mitáš, Josef

AU - Pratt, Michael

AU - Salvo, Deborah

AU - Schofield, Grant

AU - Sallis, James F.

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - Several systematic reviews have reported mixed associations between access to parks and physical activity, and suggest that this is due to inconsistencies in the study methods or differences across countries. An international study using consistent methods is needed to investigate the association between access to parks and physical activity. The International Physical Activity and Environment Network (IPEN) Adult Study is a multi-country cross-sectional study using a common design and consistent methods. Accelerometer, survey and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data for 6181 participants from 12 cities in 8 countries (Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, Denmark, Mexico, New Zealand, UK, USA) were used to estimate the strength and shape of associations of 11 measures of park access (1 perceived and 10 GIS-based measures) with accelerometer-based moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and four types of self-reported leisure-time physical activity. Associations were estimated using generalized additive mixed models. More parks within 1 km from participants' homes were associated with greater leisure-time physical activity and accelerometer-measured MVPA. Respondents who lived in the neighborhoods with the most parks did on average 24 min more MVPA per week than those living in the neighborhoods with the lowest number of parks. Perceived proximity to a park was positively associated with multiple leisure-time physical activity outcomes. Associations were homogeneous across all cities studied. Living in neighborhoods with many parks could contribute with up to 1/6 of the recommended weekly Having multiple parks nearby was the strongest positive correlate of PA. To increase comparability and validity of park access measures, we recommend that researchers, planners and policy makers use the number of parks within 1 km travel distance of homes as an objective indicator for park access in relation to physical activity.

AB - Several systematic reviews have reported mixed associations between access to parks and physical activity, and suggest that this is due to inconsistencies in the study methods or differences across countries. An international study using consistent methods is needed to investigate the association between access to parks and physical activity. The International Physical Activity and Environment Network (IPEN) Adult Study is a multi-country cross-sectional study using a common design and consistent methods. Accelerometer, survey and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data for 6181 participants from 12 cities in 8 countries (Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, Denmark, Mexico, New Zealand, UK, USA) were used to estimate the strength and shape of associations of 11 measures of park access (1 perceived and 10 GIS-based measures) with accelerometer-based moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and four types of self-reported leisure-time physical activity. Associations were estimated using generalized additive mixed models. More parks within 1 km from participants' homes were associated with greater leisure-time physical activity and accelerometer-measured MVPA. Respondents who lived in the neighborhoods with the most parks did on average 24 min more MVPA per week than those living in the neighborhoods with the lowest number of parks. Perceived proximity to a park was positively associated with multiple leisure-time physical activity outcomes. Associations were homogeneous across all cities studied. Living in neighborhoods with many parks could contribute with up to 1/6 of the recommended weekly Having multiple parks nearby was the strongest positive correlate of PA. To increase comparability and validity of park access measures, we recommend that researchers, planners and policy makers use the number of parks within 1 km travel distance of homes as an objective indicator for park access in relation to physical activity.

KW - Accelerometry

KW - Exercise

KW - GIS

KW - IPEN

KW - Leisure-time

KW - Multi-country

KW - Recreation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028762787&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85028762787&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ufug.2017.08.010

DO - 10.1016/j.ufug.2017.08.010

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85028762787

VL - 27

SP - 253

EP - 263

JO - Urban Forestry and Urban Greening

JF - Urban Forestry and Urban Greening

SN - 1618-8667

ER -