Abiotic and biological transformation of tetraalkoxysilanes and trichloroethene/cis-1,2-dichloroethene cometabolism driven by tetrabutoxysilane-degrading microorganisms

Sanjay Vancheeswaran, Rolf Halden, Kenneth J. Williamson, James D. Ingle, Lewis Semprini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Attenuation of silicon-based organic compounds (tetraalkoxysilanes) by abiotic hydrolysis and biological mineralization was investigated. At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory site 300, tetraalkoxysilanes are present along with trichloroethene (TCE) as subsurface contaminants. Under abiotic conditions, the alkoxysilanes such as tetrabutoxysilane (TBOS) and tetrakis(2-ethylbutoxy)silane (TKEBS) hydrolyze to 1-butanol and 2- ethylbutanol, respectively, and silicic acid. The rates of hydrolysis of TBOS and TKEBS were determined to evaluate the significance of the hydrolysis reaction in the attenuation process, and typical rates at pH 7, 30 °C, and 28 μmol/L initial concentration were 0.32 and 0.048 μmol/L/day, respectively. The TBOS hydrolysis reaction was observed to be acid-and base- catalyzed and independent of temperature from 15 to 30 °C. All hydrolysis experiments were conducted at concentrations above the solubility limit of TBOS and TKEBS, and the rate of hydrolysis increased with concentration of TBOS or TKEBS. An aerobic microbial culture from the local wastewater treatment plant that could grow and mineralize the alkoxysilanes was enriched. The enriched culture rapidly hydrolyzed TBOS and TKEBS and grew on the hydrolysis products. The microorganisms grown on TBOS cometabolized TCE and cis-1,2-dichloroethene (c-DCE). TCE and c-DCE degradation was inhibited by acetylene, indicating that a monooxygenase was involved in the cometabolism process. Acetylene did not inhibit the hydrolysis of TBOS or the utilization of 1-butanol, indicating that the above monooxygenase enzyme was not involved in the degradation of TBOS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1077-1085
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Trichloroethylene
trichloroethylene
Microorganisms
hydrolysis
Hydrolysis
Silanes
microorganism
Acetylene
1-Butanol
acetylene
Mixed Function Oxygenases
Butenes
Silicic Acid
Degradation
silicic acid
degradation
Acids
1,2-dichloroethylene
Silicon
Organic compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Abiotic and biological transformation of tetraalkoxysilanes and trichloroethene/cis-1,2-dichloroethene cometabolism driven by tetrabutoxysilane-degrading microorganisms. / Vancheeswaran, Sanjay; Halden, Rolf; Williamson, Kenneth J.; Ingle, James D.; Semprini, Lewis.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 33, No. 7, 01.04.1999, p. 1077-1085.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Attenuation of silicon-based organic compounds (tetraalkoxysilanes) by abiotic hydrolysis and biological mineralization was investigated. At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory site 300, tetraalkoxysilanes are present along with trichloroethene (TCE) as subsurface contaminants. Under abiotic conditions, the alkoxysilanes such as tetrabutoxysilane (TBOS) and tetrakis(2-ethylbutoxy)silane (TKEBS) hydrolyze to 1-butanol and 2- ethylbutanol, respectively, and silicic acid. The rates of hydrolysis of TBOS and TKEBS were determined to evaluate the significance of the hydrolysis reaction in the attenuation process, and typical rates at pH 7, 30 °C, and 28 μmol/L initial concentration were 0.32 and 0.048 μmol/L/day, respectively. The TBOS hydrolysis reaction was observed to be acid-and base- catalyzed and independent of temperature from 15 to 30 °C. All hydrolysis experiments were conducted at concentrations above the solubility limit of TBOS and TKEBS, and the rate of hydrolysis increased with concentration of TBOS or TKEBS. An aerobic microbial culture from the local wastewater treatment plant that could grow and mineralize the alkoxysilanes was enriched. The enriched culture rapidly hydrolyzed TBOS and TKEBS and grew on the hydrolysis products. The microorganisms grown on TBOS cometabolized TCE and cis-1,2-dichloroethene (c-DCE). TCE and c-DCE degradation was inhibited by acetylene, indicating that a monooxygenase was involved in the cometabolism process. Acetylene did not inhibit the hydrolysis of TBOS or the utilization of 1-butanol, indicating that the above monooxygenase enzyme was not involved in the degradation of TBOS.",
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