TY - JOUR

T1 - A two-locus neutrality test

T2 - Applications to humans, E. coli and lodgepole pine

AU - Hedrick, P. W.

AU - Thomson, G.

N1 - Copyright:
Copyright 2004 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - The expected disequilibrium between two loci with k alleles at one locus and l alleles at the other is given for a sample of size n drawn from a population under neutrality equilibrium. Three different measures of disequilibrium with 95% intervals are tabulated for combinations of n, k, l and 4Nc, where N is the effective population size and c is the amount of recombination between the loci. The extent and pattern of disequilibrium are strongly dependent upon 4Nc and are somewhat dependent on n, k and l. The 95% intervals are large, particularly for low numbers of alleles and low values of 4Nc. As examples, observed disequilibrium from histocompatibility loci in humans (HLA) and electrophoretic data in E. coli and lodgepole pine were compared to these theoretical values. Using information about recombination rates, the HLA data showed more disequilibrium than neutrality expectations, whereas electrophoretic data from E. coli and lodgepole pine had somewhat less disequilibrium than neutrality expectations.

AB - The expected disequilibrium between two loci with k alleles at one locus and l alleles at the other is given for a sample of size n drawn from a population under neutrality equilibrium. Three different measures of disequilibrium with 95% intervals are tabulated for combinations of n, k, l and 4Nc, where N is the effective population size and c is the amount of recombination between the loci. The extent and pattern of disequilibrium are strongly dependent upon 4Nc and are somewhat dependent on n, k and l. The 95% intervals are large, particularly for low numbers of alleles and low values of 4Nc. As examples, observed disequilibrium from histocompatibility loci in humans (HLA) and electrophoretic data in E. coli and lodgepole pine were compared to these theoretical values. Using information about recombination rates, the HLA data showed more disequilibrium than neutrality expectations, whereas electrophoretic data from E. coli and lodgepole pine had somewhat less disequilibrium than neutrality expectations.

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M3 - Article

C2 - 3510942

AN - SCOPUS:0022574916

VL - 112

SP - 135

EP - 156

JO - Genetics

JF - Genetics

SN - 0016-6731

IS - 1

ER -