A thermal emission spectral library of rock-forming minerals

Philip Christensen, Joshua L. Bandfield, Victoria E. Hamilton, Douglas A. Howard, Melissa D. Lane, Jennifer L. Piatek, Steven Ruff, William L. Stefanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

239 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A library of thermal infrared spectra of silicate, carbonate, sulfate, phosphate, halide, and oxide minerals has been prepared for comparison to spectra obtained from planetary and Earth-orbiting spacecraft, airborne instruments, and laboratory measurements. The emphasis in developing this library has been to obtain pure samples of specific minerals. All samples were hand processed and analyzed for composition and purity. The majority are 710-1000 μm particle size fractions, chosen to minimize particle size effects. Spectral acquisition follows a method described previously, and emissivity is determined to within 2% in most cases. Each mineral spectrum is accompanied by descriptive information in database form including compositional information, sample quality, and a comments field to describe special circumstances and unique conditions. More than 150 samples were selected to include the common rock-forming minerals with an emphasis on igneous and sedimentary minerals. This library is available in digital form and will be expanded as new, well-characterized samples are acquired.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9735-9739
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research E: Planets
Volume105
Issue numberE4
StatePublished - Apr 25 2000

Fingerprint

thermal emission
Minerals
Rocks
minerals
rocks
Halide minerals
mineral
rock
Sulfate minerals
Phosphate minerals
Particle size
Oxide minerals
Carbonate minerals
Silicate minerals
particle size
halide
size effect
Spacecraft
emissivity
Earth (planet)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Christensen, P., Bandfield, J. L., Hamilton, V. E., Howard, D. A., Lane, M. D., Piatek, J. L., ... Stefanov, W. L. (2000). A thermal emission spectral library of rock-forming minerals. Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets, 105(E4), 9735-9739.

A thermal emission spectral library of rock-forming minerals. / Christensen, Philip; Bandfield, Joshua L.; Hamilton, Victoria E.; Howard, Douglas A.; Lane, Melissa D.; Piatek, Jennifer L.; Ruff, Steven; Stefanov, William L.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets, Vol. 105, No. E4, 25.04.2000, p. 9735-9739.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Christensen, P, Bandfield, JL, Hamilton, VE, Howard, DA, Lane, MD, Piatek, JL, Ruff, S & Stefanov, WL 2000, 'A thermal emission spectral library of rock-forming minerals', Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets, vol. 105, no. E4, pp. 9735-9739.
Christensen P, Bandfield JL, Hamilton VE, Howard DA, Lane MD, Piatek JL et al. A thermal emission spectral library of rock-forming minerals. Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets. 2000 Apr 25;105(E4):9735-9739.
Christensen, Philip ; Bandfield, Joshua L. ; Hamilton, Victoria E. ; Howard, Douglas A. ; Lane, Melissa D. ; Piatek, Jennifer L. ; Ruff, Steven ; Stefanov, William L. / A thermal emission spectral library of rock-forming minerals. In: Journal of Geophysical Research E: Planets. 2000 ; Vol. 105, No. E4. pp. 9735-9739.
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