A review of convective heat transfer with nanofluids for electronics packaging

W. Y. Lai, B. Duculescu, Patrick Phelan, Ravi Prasher

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanofluids are conventional heat transfer liquids, such as water or glycol mixtures, which contain a small volume fraction of suspended nanoparticles in a colloidal solution. Numerous experiments on the static thermal conductivity of these fluids have revealed a greater-than-expected effective thermal conductivity, and thus there is great interest in utilizing nanofluids for heat transfer applications. For electronic packaging, their thermal performance under convective heat transfer conditions is of greatest interest. Therefore, we report here a critical review of the limited existing data on convective heat transfer with nanofluids. The results indicate higher Nusselt numbers than those predicted from analytical expressions at low Reynolds numbers, or by the Dittus-Boelter correlation at higher Reynolds numbers. Based on these findings, the applicability of convective heat sinks containing nanofluids are promising for electronics packaging applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTenth Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena and Emerging Technologies in Electronic Systems, ITherm 2006
Pages1240-1244
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Event10th Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena and Emerging Technologies in Electronic Systems, ITherm 2006 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: May 30 2006Jun 2 2006

Publication series

NameThermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems -Proceedings of the Intersociety Conference
Volume2006

Other

Other10th Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena and Emerging Technologies in Electronic Systems, ITherm 2006
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period5/30/066/2/06

Keywords

  • Convection
  • Electronic packaging
  • Nanofluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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