A renewed search for short-lived 126Sn in the early Solar System: Hydride generation MC-ICPMS for high sensitivity Te isotopic analysis

Gregory A. Brennecka, Lars E. Borg, Stephen J. Romaniello, Amanda K. Souders, Quinn R. Shollenberger, Naomi E. Marks, Meenakshi Wadhwa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Although there is limited direct evidence for supernova input into the nascent Solar System, many models suggest it formed by the gravitational collapse of a molecular cloud that was triggered by a nearby supernova. Existing lines of evidence, mostly in the form of short-lived radionuclides present in the early Solar System, are potentially consistent with this hypothesis, but still allow for alternative explanations. Since the natural production of 126Sn is thought to occur only in supernovae and this isotope has a short half-life (126Sn→126Te, t1/2 = 235 ky), the discovery of extant 126Sn would provide unequivocal proof of supernova input to the early Solar System. Previous attempts to quantify the initial abundance of 126Sn by examining Sn-Te systematics in early solids have been hampered by difficulties in precisely measuring Te isotope ratios in these materials. Thus, here we describe a novel technique that uses hydride generation to dramatically increase the ionization efficiency of Te—an approximately 30-fold increase over previous work. This introduction system, when coupled to a MC-ICPMS, enables high-precision Te isotopic analyses on samples with <10 ng of Te. We used this technique to analyze Te from a unique set of calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs) that exhibit an exceptionally large range in Sn/Te ratios, facilitating the search for the short-lived isotope 126Sn. This sample set shows no evidence of live 126Sn, implying at most minor input of supernova material during the time at which the CAIs formed. However, based on the petrology of this sample set combined with the higher than expected concentrations of Sn and Te, as well as the lack of nucleosynthetic anomalies in other isotopes of Te suggest that the bulk of the Sn and Te recovered from these particular refractory inclusions is not of primary origin and thus does not represent a primary signature of Sn-Te systematics of the protosolar nebula during condensation of CAIs or their precursors. Although no evidence of supernova input was found based on Sn-Te systematics in this sample set, hydride generation represents a powerful tool that can now be used to further explore Te isotope systematics in less altered materials.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)331-344
    Number of pages14
    JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
    Volume201
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 15 2017

    Fingerprint

    isotopic analysis
    Solar system
    Hydrides
    solar system
    Isotopes
    isotope
    Aluminum
    aluminum
    calcium
    Calcium
    Petrology
    petrology
    half life
    radionuclide
    condensation
    ionization
    Radioisotopes
    Refractory materials
    Ionization
    Supernovae

    Keywords

    • CAIs
    • Hydride generation
    • Sn-126
    • Tellurium

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geochemistry and Petrology

    Cite this

    A renewed search for short-lived 126Sn in the early Solar System : Hydride generation MC-ICPMS for high sensitivity Te isotopic analysis. / Brennecka, Gregory A.; Borg, Lars E.; Romaniello, Stephen J.; Souders, Amanda K.; Shollenberger, Quinn R.; Marks, Naomi E.; Wadhwa, Meenakshi.

    In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 201, 15.03.2017, p. 331-344.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Brennecka, Gregory A. ; Borg, Lars E. ; Romaniello, Stephen J. ; Souders, Amanda K. ; Shollenberger, Quinn R. ; Marks, Naomi E. ; Wadhwa, Meenakshi. / A renewed search for short-lived 126Sn in the early Solar System : Hydride generation MC-ICPMS for high sensitivity Te isotopic analysis. In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2017 ; Vol. 201. pp. 331-344.
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    AU - Borg, Lars E.

    AU - Romaniello, Stephen J.

    AU - Souders, Amanda K.

    AU - Shollenberger, Quinn R.

    AU - Marks, Naomi E.

    AU - Wadhwa, Meenakshi

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