A Novel Atmospheric Removal Technique for TES Spectra Applied to Olivine and Carbonate-Rich Bedrock in the Nili Fossae Region, Mars

Steven W. Ruff, Victoria E. Hamilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spectra from the Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) display a combination of features attributable to surface and atmospheric components. In order to fully recognize and interpret surface spectral features, the atmospheric spectral features must be removed through some form of surface-atmosphere separation (SAS). Multiple SAS techniques are available representing a range of complexity and accuracy. A ratio between spectra from a region of interest and a relatively spectrally bland, dusty location is an effective SAS technique, but the resulting ratio spectrum contains spectral features of surface dust (SD) from the dusty location. We exploit the uniform spectral character of SD across Mars to produce dust-removed ratio spectra (DRRS). This simple and robust technique allows TES spectra to be compared directly to laboratory spectra and to Miniature-TES spectra from the Mars Exploration Rovers. Although previous SAS techniques yield atmospherically corrected spectra that can serve this purpose, they are more challenging to implement, retain fewer data points, and are less accurate in some cases. The DRRS technique provides an option that is well suited to both quick-look assessments of TES spectra and in-depth analyses using follow-on spectral modeling techniques. We show that DRRS of olivine-rich bedrock in the Nili Fossae region display spectral features that match olivine with a composition ranging from ∼Fo50 to <Fo90 and that match olivine-rich Algonquin-class rocks in the Columbia Hills of Gusev crater.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021JE006822
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Volume126
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Mars
  • Mini-TES spectra
  • Nili Fossae
  • TES spectra
  • TIR spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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