A luminous Lyα-emitting galaxy at redshift z = 6.535: Discovery and spectroscopic confirmation

James E. Rhoads, Chun Xu, Steve Dawson, Arjun Dey, Sangeeta Malhotra, Jun Xian Wang, Buell T. Jannuzi, Hyron Spinrad, Daniel Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a redshift z = 6.535 galaxy discovered by its Lyα emission in a 9180 Å narrowband image from the Large Area Lyman Alpha survey. The Lyα line luminosity (1.1 × 1043 ergs s-1) is among the largest known for star-forming galaxies at z ≈ 6.5. The line shows the distinct asymmetry that is characteristic of high-redshift Lyα. The 2 σ lower bound on the observer-frame equivalent width is greater than 530 Å. This is hard to reconcile with a neutral intergalactic medium (IGM) unless the Lyα line is intrinsically strong and is emitted from its host galaxy with an intrinsic Doppler shift of several hundred km s-1. If the IGM is ionized, it corresponds to a rest-frame equivalent width greater than 40 Å after correcting for Lyα forest absorption. We also present a complete spectroscopic follow-up of the remaining candidates with line flux greater than 2 × 10-17 ergs cm-2 s-1 in our 1200 arcmin2 narrowband image. These include another galaxy with a strong emission line at 9136 Å and no detected continuum flux, which, however, is most likely an [O III] λ5007 source at z = 0.824, on the basis of a weak detection of the [O III] λ4959 line.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume611
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2004

Keywords

  • Cosmology: observations
  • Early universe
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: high-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Rhoads, J. E., Xu, C., Dawson, S., Dey, A., Malhotra, S., Wang, J. X., Jannuzi, B. T., Spinrad, H., & Stern, D. (2004). A luminous Lyα-emitting galaxy at redshift z = 6.535: Discovery and spectroscopic confirmation. Astrophysical Journal, 611(1 I), 59-67. https://doi.org/10.1086/422094