A Conceptual Model for Training After-School Program Staffers to Promote Physical Activity and Nutrition

Robert Glenn Weaver, Michael W. Beets, Collin Webster, Aaron Beighle, Jennifer Huberty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: After-school programs (ASPs, 3 pm to 6 pm) have been called upon to increase the amount of daily physical activity children accumulate and improve the nutritional quality of the snacks served. To this end, state and national physical activity and nutrition (PAaN) policies have been proposed. Frontline staff who directly interact with children on a daily basis are charged with the responsibility to meet policy goals. Without appropriate skills, staffers' ability to achieve such goals is limited. The gap between policies and improvements in PAaN must be bridged through professional development training. This article describes the development of an ASP staff professional development training program. Methods: A systematic review was performed to identify relevant theoretical perspectives, empirical evidence, and recommended best practices relating to promoting PAaN of children. RESULTS: A comprehensive professional development framework was developed that incorporated the key elements identified from the review. These elements were distilled into 5 primary categories and conceptually referred to as the 5 Ms: mission-clearly defined policy/standards for PAaN; motivate-providing choices, developmentally appropriate activities, feedback, and encouragement; manage-structuring and managing the environment for safety, routines, and discipline; monitor-ongoing evaluation of PAaN; and maximize-incorporating all former Ms. CONCLUSIONS: The application of this training framework should lead to improved implementation and eventual achievement of policy goals for PAaN in ASPs. These competencies need to be developed in all ASPs if widespread improvements in PAaN within the ASP setting are to be realized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-195
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of School Health
Volume82
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

nutrition
Exercise
Staff Development
nutrition policy
Nutrition Policy
Snacks
Aptitude
staff
Conceptual Model
Physical Activity
Nutrition
Nutritive Value
Practice Guidelines
best practice
training program
Safety
Education
responsibility
ability
evaluation

Keywords

  • Child and adolescent health
  • Out-of-school time programs
  • Policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Philosophy
  • Education

Cite this

A Conceptual Model for Training After-School Program Staffers to Promote Physical Activity and Nutrition. / Weaver, Robert Glenn; Beets, Michael W.; Webster, Collin; Beighle, Aaron; Huberty, Jennifer.

In: Journal of School Health, Vol. 82, No. 4, 04.2012, p. 186-195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weaver, Robert Glenn ; Beets, Michael W. ; Webster, Collin ; Beighle, Aaron ; Huberty, Jennifer. / A Conceptual Model for Training After-School Program Staffers to Promote Physical Activity and Nutrition. In: Journal of School Health. 2012 ; Vol. 82, No. 4. pp. 186-195.
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