8 Steps to fitness: A faith-based, behavior change physical activity intervention for African Americans

Melissa Bopp, Sara Wilcox, Marilyn Laken, Steven P. Hooker, Deborah Parra-Medina, Ruth Saunders, Kimberly Butler, Elizabeth A. Fallon, Lottie McClorin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Physical activity (PA) participation offers many benefits especially among ethnic groups that experience health disparities. Partnering with faith-based organizations allows for a more culturally tailored approach to changing health behaviors. Methods: 8 Steps to Fitness was a faith-based behavior-change intervention promoting PA among members of African American churches. A quasi-experimental design was used to examine differences between the intervention group (n=72) and comparison group (n = 74). Health (resting blood pressure, body mass index, waist-hip ratio, fasting blood glucose), psychosocial (PA self-efficacy, social support, enjoyment, self-regulation, depression), and behavioral variables (PA, diet) were assessed at baseline, 3- and 6-months. Repeated measures ANCOVAs tested changes across time between groups. Results: At 3-months, the intervention group showed significantly more favorable changes in body mass index, waist circumference and social support than the control group. At 6-months, the intervention group showed significantly more favorable changes in hip circumference, waist to hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, and depressive symptoms. There was notable attrition from both the intervention (36%) and the comparison group (58%). Conclusions: This study was conducted in a real-world setting, and provided insight into how to deliver a culturally-tailored PA intervention program for African Americans with a potential for dissemination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)568-577
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Church
  • Culturally tailored
  • Ethnic minority
  • Health disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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