Theoretical Models of Single Molecule Dynamics from Minimal Photon Numbers

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Fundamental intracellular processes of immediate relevance to biomedicinesuch as gene regulation and transcriptionoften involve large clusters of proteins dynamically assembling and disassembling within small diffraction-limited volumes at timescales approaching imaging data acquisition. Despite impressive s-ms data
collection timescales achieved by many SM fluorescence methods, single molecule (SM) kinetic parameters are often instead determined from large quantities of data (millions of photons) collected and averaged over long timescales. This compromises the temporal resolution of the data that theoretically encodes information on events that may unfold and be resolved within ms.

Drawing insight on complex processes resolved within ms presents a profound analysis challenge. Fundamentally, this is because highly stochastic SMs are indirectly monitored by the equally stochastic measurement output to which SMs are inextricably tied: photons. Our overall objective is therefore to develop a
framework to determine dynamical modelsrelevant downstream to complex intra-cellular processes resolved at the SM level from very limited data (i.e., time traces tens of ms or thousand of photons). For this FTRD grant, our focus is on benchmarking our framework on simple in vitro test data sets.

To resolve these fast dynamics, we will rely on cutting-edge tools from Data Science and Statistics termed Bayesian nonparametrics (BNPs) largely unknown to the Natural Sciences. Here we will adapt BNP tools some less than five years old and proposed here for the first time for Natural Science applicationsto provide
a fundamentally new treatment of data derived from confocal setups (Specific Aim I) and single molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer termed smFRET (Specific Aim II)both workhorses across Biology. As BNPs are highly flexible, we develop strategies to rigorously constrain them with knowledge of the measurement process, e.g., the shape of the point spread function.

For both Specific Aims, we will develop fully-integrated and unsupervised methods to resolve SM dynamical models from ms worth of data by exploiting BNPs. In particular for Specific Aim I, we will do so starting from single photon arrivals derived from confocal experiments. We will determine diffusive species numbers
(relevant in dealing with multimeric mixtures) as well as the diffusion coefficients for each species. By resolving diffusion coefficients with the same precision as FCS from just thousands (as opposed to millions) of photons, we could collect far shorter traces thereby dramatically minimizing sample photo-damage. Alternatively, we could use long traces to resolve previously indeterminable quantities, e.g., diffusion coefficient differences in multimeric mixtures. For Specific Aim II we will determine quantities normally derived from current smFRET analysis but now accounting for spectral cross-talk, label blinking and determine the number of molecular states. Accounting for such photo-physics deeply influences our ultimate interpretation of smFRET data.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date9/1/198/31/23

Funding

  • HHS: National Institutes of Health (NIH): $1,161,764.00

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