Childhood obesity is a public health epidemic, and children of color are particularly vulnerable. The trajectory toward obesity is likely established at age five, making early childhood a vulnerable time and a key for primary prevention. Diets of preschoolers lack fruit and vegetables, and preschoolers do little physical activity. In order to effectively control and prevent obesity, community based participatory research (CBPR) can be used to enhance the relevance and sustainability of obesity interventions, and includes community members as equal partners. This project uses an academic-community partnership, to identify obesity prevention and control strategies via interactive meetings, community events and data collection. The proposed study incorporates partnership and government recommendations. A recent Institute of Medicine (IOM) report recommended actions for caregivers to prevent early childhood obesity, including providing PA opportunities for at least 15 minutes per hour during care (Recommendation 3-1), routinely providing meals and snacks and reinforcing hunger and fullness cues (Recommendation 4-4) and providing guidance, training and education for childcare workers to increase childrens healthy eating and counsel parents about their childrens diet (Recommendation 4-6). First, this study will develop and test an extracurricular science and career internship program for high school students. Next we will develop and evaluate a garden-based nurtrition and physical activity education intervention in the childcare setting. Education modules will be based on the IOM guideliens. High school students will be trained and mentored to deliver the intervention. We will capitalize on existing partnerships and relationships to recruit local childcare centers and high school students. The program will be evaluated using quantitative and qualitative methods to determine reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation and maintenance. Presuming that the aims are accomplished and the project is successful, findings will be distributed to health promoters and researchers as an effective strategy to increase physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption and promote healthy eating in preschoolers while improving the knowledge and career potential of high school students.
|Effective start/end date||9/2/13 → 6/30/15|
- HHS: National Institutes of Health (NIH): $96,450.00