Scalable 3D molecular imaging and data analysis for cell census generation

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

This project is a collaboration across two universities and multiple scientific disciplines to develop new scalable 3D molecular imaging and analysis approaches for cell type identification within human brain tissue. We will focus our efforts on the olfactory system, comprising the olfactory epithelium (OE) and the olfactory bulb (OB). This system is an ideally confined human model system to build and test a new suite of scalable tools for the generation of a human brain atlas because the connectomics of olfactory sensory neurons to the bulb is dictated by olfactory receptor expression. Our long term goals are to provide the community with new physics-first methods that improve scalability, rigor, and 3D measurements for cell census creation and create the first spatial map of connections between the OE and OB. We plan to achieve our goals across two specific aims, carried out in parallel. In our first aim, we will scale up high-resolution, high-speed single objective light-sheet microscopy for 3D imaging of proteins and RNA in the human olfactory bulb. Using linear unmixing, we will image up to 8 proteins. Using iterative amplified RNA-FISH labeling by fluidic exchange, we will initially image 130 RNAs and detail plans to expand the number of RNA. In our second aim, we will develop a Bayesian nonparametric image analysis framework that self-consistently and simultaneously determines the probability associated with all RNA locations, numbers, and identities in the presence of variable autofluorescence and variable readout efficiency. Within the Bayesian paradigm, we propose a new approach to error correction in barcoded fluorescence experiments that significantly reduces the number of rounds required. We will apply these combined fundamental improvements to map full sections of the OB to determine the targeting of glomeruli by olfactory sensory neurons expressing specific olfactory receptors. As olfactory receptors have high homology and sparse expression, both in situ hybridization and in situ sequencing may report a high number of false positives or false negatives. To mitigate potential identification errors, we will evaluate dual-color amplified labeling strategies combined with Bayesian nonparametric analysis that assigns probabilities based on a self-consistent analysis of all image stacks across all colors simultaneously to avoid drawing conclusions based on local assessments of the identity of a bright spot. Combining these methodological advancements, we will generate 3D spatial maps of confidence intervals for cell types and individual olfactory receptors expression across the olfactory system.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date9/15/219/14/24

Funding

  • HHS: National Institutes of Health (NIH): $2,234,299.00

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