National Crime Gun Intelligence Center Initiative

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Arizona State Universitys Center for Violence Prevention and Community Safety will serve as the research partner for the Crime Gun Intelligence Center being proposed by the Phoenix Police Department.

Research Approach

ASU will have access, through our Crime Analysis and Research Unit (CARU) and Record Management System (RMS), to data and records of all gun crimes. CVPCS researchers will evaluate and analyze that data to understand any patterns which may suggest a redirection of resources. They will also take the data and create a baseline for the measurement of crimes committed. Furthermore, researchers will create surveys to be completed by detectives and prosecutors to create a baseline measurement for the prosecutorial success rates of cases involving gun crimes. They will compare this data to information at the end of the two years and suggested recommendations for possible changes needed.
Arizona State University will document the implementation of the project and evaluate the impact of the project on key outcome measures. The process evaluation will measure the integrity of the planned project and present findings related to the advantages and barriers to implementing the project. Phoenix Crime Gun Intelligence Center personnel will be responsible for collecting process and output data related to the projects responsibilities. This will include but not be limited to number of full/part time crime analysts, 911 calls resulting in a confirmed shooting, gunshot detection system alerts resulting in a confirmed shooting, ballistics/crime guns recovered that are entered into NIBIN, guns entered into NIBIN that are entered within 24/48 hours, crime guns entered in NIBIN that are linked to another incident or item in NIBIN, crime guns recovered that are traced through the ATF (and traced in 24/48 hours), crime gun traces resulting in a hit, cases closed by arrest or exceptional means, suspects arrested, number of prosecutors assigned to the program, suspects arrested who were prosecuted, defendants convicted, and partners with an MOU in place. The collection of these and related data will be facilitated by ASU, who will create a Phoenix Crime Gun Intelligence Center (CGIC) performance measures data warehouse that will produce on demand reports for evaluative and project reporting purposes.
In addition to the above, ASU will interview key stakeholders (e.g., officers, residents, prosecutors, etc.) about their perceptions and involvement in the Phoenix CGIC, as well as their perceptions of the effectiveness of specific activities. ASU will also administer and analyze pre- and post-training assessments of all training sessions. These surveys will be used to compare pre and post training knowledge to assess enhancements in each partners understanding of Phoenix CGIC, and will be used to identify the strengths and weaknesses of Phoenix CGIC partner knowledge about the CGIC so that project leaders can change training based on the needs of the partners. Additionally, as part of the analysis process the research partner will conduct social network analysis (SNA) to identify key positions within group based violence. SNA will identify actors (and groups) that are the most central to violent networks and important in terms of network influence.
Impact Evaluation
ASU will also conduct an impact evaluation of the project. Specifically, ASU will examine the impact of the project on 1) gun-related violence (at the group, individual, and neighborhood levels) and 2) gun-related violence (at the group, individual, and neighborhood levels). ASU will measure project impact using the data mentioned above as well as firearm injury data provided through the Arizona State Trauma Registry (ASTR). ASU will use a number of time-series models to assess the effects of different forms of dosage on firearms violence. This type of analysis, for example, will allow for the fact that the number of firearms crimes reported in one month is related to the number of firearms crimes in the previous month (temporal autocorrelation). Across all models, ASU will control for changes in firearms violence that might be seasonal (by month), and will account for overall effects and the moderated-effects with additional variables that assess the effect of different types of programmatic processes (e.g., number of gun traces, NIBIN hits, time to NIBIN entry) on desired outcomes (cases relating in an arrest, conviction, rates of violence).
ASU CVPCS-PPD Collaborations
CVPCS has substantial experience in serving as a research partner for such projects. In the past several years, CVPCS has served as a federally funded research partner for: the Glendale Police Department BJA SMART policing initiative, Arizona and Nevada Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN) projects, the Glendale and Scottsdale Police Departments problem-oriented policing initiatives, the Chandler Police Department zero-tolerance project, Phoenix TRUCE (i.e., CeaseFire), and the Mesa Police Departments Gang Intervention Project. The CVPCS has also served as a local evaluator for dozens of police projects. Of importance to the proposed project, CVPCS has evaluated several research projects related to the implementation of law enforcement technology. For example, affiliated faculty and staff have evaluated data sharing systems (Choate & Katz), National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (Katz), and body worn cameras (Katz, Webb). Currently one of our staff (Katz) serves on the BJA Body Worn Camera Expert Panel Technology Program.
The Phoenix Police Department (PPD) and CVPCS have a long history of successful and productive partnerships. For example, CVPCS served as the research partner for examining the impact of sex offender clustering in the City of Phoenix, helped establish an early intervention tool to identify potential performance issues with sworn personnel, and helped evaluate strategic problem solving projects for the PPD. Additionally, CVPCS has partnered with PPDs Professional Standards Bureau to review off-duty employment practices and procedures, the scope and nature of officer involved shootings, and a quasi-experiment examining the impact of BWCs. We are currently serving as their research partner on two BJA funded projects: 1) the SMART Policing Body Worn Camera Project and 2) a Project Safe Neighborhoods focused deterrence project.
It is important to note that the ASU team collaborated with PPD on a NIJ funded study that served as a process and outcome evaluation of the use of NIBIN and its effects on criminal investigations. The study was based on data from four sources. NIBIN usage data (inputs and hits) for all NIBIN sites (including Phoenix), detailed hit files from 19 NIBIN sites (including Phoenix), survey data from crime labs and firearms sections within crime labs, and information derived from visits to 10 NIBIN sites (including Phoenix) including details on 65 criminal investigations that involved a NIBIN hit.
ASU and the PPD will work cooperatively on project implementation, data collection, and analysis strategy; and ASU will take the lead on the collection of any primary data not currently available within the department, as well as coordinating with the CARU, within the department, on all research matters. Dr. Webb, Associate Director of the CVPCS will serve as the principal investigator of the evaluation. He will be responsible for providing technical assistance to PPD on the methodological development of the process and impact evaluation, will take the lead on conducting the impact evaluation, and will assist with analysis and take the lead on report writing. Drs. Katz as the co-principal investigators and will assist with the methodological development of the project, lead efforts related to the process evaluation, and assist with the impact evaluation and the production of project deliverables. Dr. William King will serve as a consultant to the project. A To Be Determined (TBD) graduate student will be responsible for data collection, data management, and data analysis.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date12/1/179/30/20

Funding

  • DOJ: Office of Justice Programs (OJP): $308,101.00

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