A Microfluidic Protein Separation Device Based on Dielectrophoresis

Project: Research project

Description

Reliable and rapid separation of proteins is both a fundamental and challenging problem for bioanalytical and biomedical research. Conventional separation techniques reach their limits at extremes, for example, when increased sample complexity demands for the analysis of relevant disease markers in extremely small concentration and within a huge background. Problems further arise for time critical samples, i.e. when rapid answers are required, such as for samples with temporally degrading or altering composition or when rapid diagnosis is essential, such as during surgery. These limitations can be more drastic for smaller sample volumes and concomitantly low amount of proteins, such as in the case of minimal invasive diagnosis or single cell analysis. The latter is specifically important for understanding specific cellular pathways and malignant progressions, which would otherwise be averaged in the ensemble measurement. Another extremely relevant example represents the diagnosis of Alzheimers Disease, which is particularly challenging due to the transient nature of the involved peptide species and their extremely low abundance in body fluids. This exploratory proposal aims to develop dielectrophoretic devices for the efficient, rapid and gel-free separation, purification and pre-concentration of proteins on microfluidic platforms. This project applies a new principle for the gel-free separation of proteins in microfluidic systems. It exploits dielectrophoresis (DEP) of proteins, which as polarizable objects respond to a non-uniform electric field with a migrational motion. As the polarizability depends on various parameters such as shape, charge, charge density, permittivity or deformability it thus allows probing the DEP response of proteins in a broad range. The dielectrophoretic response of proteins is provoked in tailored microstructure designs on a lab-ona- chip platform in which the necessary inhomogeneous electric field gradient can be optimally generated. A fundamental investigation of the DEP behavior of selected proteins will give insight into the necessary electrical driving parameters and reveal optimized conditions for more complex separation problems as well as the purification and pre-concentration of proteins and peptides. This novel device is capable of analyzing protein samples in time scales of a few minutes and reduces sample volumes to the pL-nL range. In particular, we develop a combined microfluidic immunoaffinity and DEP based separation assay for beta-amyloid (A) oligomers in cerebrospinal fluid. This novel DEP separation method thus represents a development of outstanding importance for biomedical research and point of care diagnostics.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/1/108/31/14

Funding

  • HHS-NIH: National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS): $540,599.00

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Electrophoresis
Microfluidics
Proteins
Purification
Gels
Electric fields
Cerebrospinal fluid
Lab-on-a-chip
Peptides
Body fluids
Formability
Charge density
Oligomers
Amyloid
Surgery
Assays
Permittivity
Microstructure