Zeolite-catalyzed esterification I. Synthesis of acetates, benzoates and phthalates

Yudao Ma, Q. L. Wang, Hao Yan, Xingdong Ji, Qin Qiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

The synthesis of ethyl, n-butyl, isopentyl and benzyl acetates, ethyl and n-butyl benzoates and dioctyl phthalates was achieved by using a H-ZSM-5 and two HY zeolites as catalysts under conditions similar to the classical case with sulfuric acid catalyst. A high yield of acetates was obtained with essentially 100% selectivity. HY was an excellent catalyst for the synthesis of phthalates. The production of benzoates on the zeolite catalysts was slow, though zeolite HY with high Si/Al ratio would seem a useful catalyst for this difficult esterification reaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-57
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume139
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 6 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Esterification
  • H-ZSM-5
  • HY
  • Zeolites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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