X-ray laser–induced electron dynamics observed by femtosecond diffraction from nanocrystals of Buckminsterfullerene

Brian Abbey, Ruben A. Dilanian, Connie Darmanin, Rebecca A. Ryan, Corey T. Putkunz, Andrew V. Martin, David Wood, Victor Streltsov, Michael W.M. Jones, Naylyn Gaffney, Felix Hofmann, Garth J. Williams, Sébastien Boutet, Marc Messerschmidt, M. Marvin Seibert, Sophie Williams, Evan Curwood, Eugeniu Balaur, Andrew G. Peele, Keith A. NugentHarry M. Quiney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) deliver x-ray pulses with a coherent flux that is approximately eight orders of magnitude greater than that available from a modern third-generation synchrotron source. The power density of an XFEL pulse may be so high that it can modify the electronic properties of a sample on a femtosecond time scale. Exploration of the interaction of intense coherent x-ray pulses and matter is both of intrinsic scientific interest and of critical importance to the interpretation of experiments that probe the structures of materials using high-brightness femtosecond XFEL pulses. We report observations of the diffraction of extremely intense 32-fs nanofocused x-ray pulses by a powder sample of crystalline C60. We find that the diffraction pattern at the highest available incident power significantly differs from the one obtained using either third-generation synchrotron sources or XFEL sources operating at low output power and does not correspond to the diffraction pattern expected from any known phase of crystalline C60. We interpret these data as evidence of a long-range, coherent dynamic electronic distortion that is driven by the interaction of the periodic array of C60 molecular targets with intense x-ray pulses of femtosecond duration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1601186
Pages (from-to)1DUMMY
JournalScience advances
Volume2
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Fullerenes
Nanoparticles
X-Rays
Electrons
Lasers
Synchrotrons
Powders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Abbey, B., Dilanian, R. A., Darmanin, C., Ryan, R. A., Putkunz, C. T., Martin, A. V., ... Quiney, H. M. (2016). X-ray laser–induced electron dynamics observed by femtosecond diffraction from nanocrystals of Buckminsterfullerene. Science advances, 2(9), 1DUMMY. [e1601186]. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1601186

X-ray laser–induced electron dynamics observed by femtosecond diffraction from nanocrystals of Buckminsterfullerene. / Abbey, Brian; Dilanian, Ruben A.; Darmanin, Connie; Ryan, Rebecca A.; Putkunz, Corey T.; Martin, Andrew V.; Wood, David; Streltsov, Victor; Jones, Michael W.M.; Gaffney, Naylyn; Hofmann, Felix; Williams, Garth J.; Boutet, Sébastien; Messerschmidt, Marc; Marvin Seibert, M.; Williams, Sophie; Curwood, Evan; Balaur, Eugeniu; Peele, Andrew G.; Nugent, Keith A.; Quiney, Harry M.

In: Science advances, Vol. 2, No. 9, e1601186, 01.01.2016, p. 1DUMMY.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbey, B, Dilanian, RA, Darmanin, C, Ryan, RA, Putkunz, CT, Martin, AV, Wood, D, Streltsov, V, Jones, MWM, Gaffney, N, Hofmann, F, Williams, GJ, Boutet, S, Messerschmidt, M, Marvin Seibert, M, Williams, S, Curwood, E, Balaur, E, Peele, AG, Nugent, KA & Quiney, HM 2016, 'X-ray laser–induced electron dynamics observed by femtosecond diffraction from nanocrystals of Buckminsterfullerene', Science advances, vol. 2, no. 9, e1601186, pp. 1DUMMY. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1601186
Abbey, Brian ; Dilanian, Ruben A. ; Darmanin, Connie ; Ryan, Rebecca A. ; Putkunz, Corey T. ; Martin, Andrew V. ; Wood, David ; Streltsov, Victor ; Jones, Michael W.M. ; Gaffney, Naylyn ; Hofmann, Felix ; Williams, Garth J. ; Boutet, Sébastien ; Messerschmidt, Marc ; Marvin Seibert, M. ; Williams, Sophie ; Curwood, Evan ; Balaur, Eugeniu ; Peele, Andrew G. ; Nugent, Keith A. ; Quiney, Harry M. / X-ray laser–induced electron dynamics observed by femtosecond diffraction from nanocrystals of Buckminsterfullerene. In: Science advances. 2016 ; Vol. 2, No. 9. pp. 1DUMMY.
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