X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser

Jochen Küpper, Stephan Stern, Lotte Holmegaard, Frank Filsinger, Arnaud Rouzée, Artem Rudenko, Per Johnsson, Andrew V. Martin, Marcus Adolph, Andrew Aquila, Saša Bajt, Anton Barty, Christoph Bostedt, John Bozek, Carl Caleman, Ryan Coffee, Nicola Coppola, Tjark Delmas, Sascha Epp, Benjamin ErkLutz Foucar, Tais Gorkhover, Lars Gumprecht, Andreas Hartmann, Robert Hartmann, Günter Hauser, Peter Holl, Andre Hömke, Nils Kimmel, Faton Krasniqi, Kai Uwe Kühnel, Jochen Maurer, Marc Messerschmidt, Robert Moshammer, Christian Reich, Benedikt Rudek, Robin Santra, Ilme Schlichting, Carlo Schmidt, Sebastian Schorb, Joachim Schulz, Heike Soltau, John Spence, Dmitri Starodub, Lothar Strüder, Jan Thøgersen, Marc J J Vrakking, Georg Weidenspointner, Thomas A. White, Cornelia Wunderer, Gerard Meijer, Joachim Ullrich, Henrik Stapelfeldt, Daniel Rolles, Henry N. Chapman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

156 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report experimental results on x-ray diffraction of quantum-state- selected and strongly aligned ensembles of the prototypical asymmetric rotor molecule 2,5-diiodobenzonitrile using the Linac Coherent Light Source. The experiments demonstrate first steps toward a new approach to diffractive imaging of distinct structures of individual, isolated gas-phase molecules. We confirm several key ingredients of single molecule diffraction experiments: the abilities to detect and count individual scattered x-ray photons in single shot diffraction data, to deliver state-selected, e.g., structural-isomer-selected, ensembles of molecules to the x-ray interaction volume, and to strongly align the scattering molecules. Our approach, using ultrashort x-ray pulses, is suitable to study ultrafast dynamics of isolated molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number083002
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume112
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2014

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free electron lasers
vapor phases
diffraction
molecules
x rays
coherent light
ingredients
rotors
shot
light sources
x ray diffraction
isomers
photons
pulses
scattering
interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Küpper, J., Stern, S., Holmegaard, L., Filsinger, F., Rouzée, A., Rudenko, A., ... Chapman, H. N. (2014). X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser. Physical Review Letters, 112(8), [083002]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.083002

X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser. / Küpper, Jochen; Stern, Stephan; Holmegaard, Lotte; Filsinger, Frank; Rouzée, Arnaud; Rudenko, Artem; Johnsson, Per; Martin, Andrew V.; Adolph, Marcus; Aquila, Andrew; Bajt, Saša; Barty, Anton; Bostedt, Christoph; Bozek, John; Caleman, Carl; Coffee, Ryan; Coppola, Nicola; Delmas, Tjark; Epp, Sascha; Erk, Benjamin; Foucar, Lutz; Gorkhover, Tais; Gumprecht, Lars; Hartmann, Andreas; Hartmann, Robert; Hauser, Günter; Holl, Peter; Hömke, Andre; Kimmel, Nils; Krasniqi, Faton; Kühnel, Kai Uwe; Maurer, Jochen; Messerschmidt, Marc; Moshammer, Robert; Reich, Christian; Rudek, Benedikt; Santra, Robin; Schlichting, Ilme; Schmidt, Carlo; Schorb, Sebastian; Schulz, Joachim; Soltau, Heike; Spence, John; Starodub, Dmitri; Strüder, Lothar; Thøgersen, Jan; Vrakking, Marc J J; Weidenspointner, Georg; White, Thomas A.; Wunderer, Cornelia; Meijer, Gerard; Ullrich, Joachim; Stapelfeldt, Henrik; Rolles, Daniel; Chapman, Henry N.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 112, No. 8, 083002, 28.02.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Küpper, J, Stern, S, Holmegaard, L, Filsinger, F, Rouzée, A, Rudenko, A, Johnsson, P, Martin, AV, Adolph, M, Aquila, A, Bajt, S, Barty, A, Bostedt, C, Bozek, J, Caleman, C, Coffee, R, Coppola, N, Delmas, T, Epp, S, Erk, B, Foucar, L, Gorkhover, T, Gumprecht, L, Hartmann, A, Hartmann, R, Hauser, G, Holl, P, Hömke, A, Kimmel, N, Krasniqi, F, Kühnel, KU, Maurer, J, Messerschmidt, M, Moshammer, R, Reich, C, Rudek, B, Santra, R, Schlichting, I, Schmidt, C, Schorb, S, Schulz, J, Soltau, H, Spence, J, Starodub, D, Strüder, L, Thøgersen, J, Vrakking, MJJ, Weidenspointner, G, White, TA, Wunderer, C, Meijer, G, Ullrich, J, Stapelfeldt, H, Rolles, D & Chapman, HN 2014, 'X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser', Physical Review Letters, vol. 112, no. 8, 083002. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.083002
Küpper, Jochen ; Stern, Stephan ; Holmegaard, Lotte ; Filsinger, Frank ; Rouzée, Arnaud ; Rudenko, Artem ; Johnsson, Per ; Martin, Andrew V. ; Adolph, Marcus ; Aquila, Andrew ; Bajt, Saša ; Barty, Anton ; Bostedt, Christoph ; Bozek, John ; Caleman, Carl ; Coffee, Ryan ; Coppola, Nicola ; Delmas, Tjark ; Epp, Sascha ; Erk, Benjamin ; Foucar, Lutz ; Gorkhover, Tais ; Gumprecht, Lars ; Hartmann, Andreas ; Hartmann, Robert ; Hauser, Günter ; Holl, Peter ; Hömke, Andre ; Kimmel, Nils ; Krasniqi, Faton ; Kühnel, Kai Uwe ; Maurer, Jochen ; Messerschmidt, Marc ; Moshammer, Robert ; Reich, Christian ; Rudek, Benedikt ; Santra, Robin ; Schlichting, Ilme ; Schmidt, Carlo ; Schorb, Sebastian ; Schulz, Joachim ; Soltau, Heike ; Spence, John ; Starodub, Dmitri ; Strüder, Lothar ; Thøgersen, Jan ; Vrakking, Marc J J ; Weidenspointner, Georg ; White, Thomas A. ; Wunderer, Cornelia ; Meijer, Gerard ; Ullrich, Joachim ; Stapelfeldt, Henrik ; Rolles, Daniel ; Chapman, Henry N. / X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser. In: Physical Review Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 112, No. 8.
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abstract = "We report experimental results on x-ray diffraction of quantum-state- selected and strongly aligned ensembles of the prototypical asymmetric rotor molecule 2,5-diiodobenzonitrile using the Linac Coherent Light Source. The experiments demonstrate first steps toward a new approach to diffractive imaging of distinct structures of individual, isolated gas-phase molecules. We confirm several key ingredients of single molecule diffraction experiments: the abilities to detect and count individual scattered x-ray photons in single shot diffraction data, to deliver state-selected, e.g., structural-isomer-selected, ensembles of molecules to the x-ray interaction volume, and to strongly align the scattering molecules. Our approach, using ultrashort x-ray pulses, is suitable to study ultrafast dynamics of isolated molecules.",
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AU - Stern, Stephan

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AU - Filsinger, Frank

AU - Rouzée, Arnaud

AU - Rudenko, Artem

AU - Johnsson, Per

AU - Martin, Andrew V.

AU - Adolph, Marcus

AU - Aquila, Andrew

AU - Bajt, Saša

AU - Barty, Anton

AU - Bostedt, Christoph

AU - Bozek, John

AU - Caleman, Carl

AU - Coffee, Ryan

AU - Coppola, Nicola

AU - Delmas, Tjark

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AU - Foucar, Lutz

AU - Gorkhover, Tais

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AU - Kimmel, Nils

AU - Krasniqi, Faton

AU - Kühnel, Kai Uwe

AU - Maurer, Jochen

AU - Messerschmidt, Marc

AU - Moshammer, Robert

AU - Reich, Christian

AU - Rudek, Benedikt

AU - Santra, Robin

AU - Schlichting, Ilme

AU - Schmidt, Carlo

AU - Schorb, Sebastian

AU - Schulz, Joachim

AU - Soltau, Heike

AU - Spence, John

AU - Starodub, Dmitri

AU - Strüder, Lothar

AU - Thøgersen, Jan

AU - Vrakking, Marc J J

AU - Weidenspointner, Georg

AU - White, Thomas A.

AU - Wunderer, Cornelia

AU - Meijer, Gerard

AU - Ullrich, Joachim

AU - Stapelfeldt, Henrik

AU - Rolles, Daniel

AU - Chapman, Henry N.

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