Writing Instruction

Stephen Graham, Karen Harris, Charles MacArthur

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the methods of teaching how to write to students with Learning Disabilities (LDs) and the processes involved in effective writing. Students with LDs often have difficulty finding enough to say when they write. Their papers are inordinately short, containing little detail or elaboration. Once an idea is generated, they are very reluctant to discard it. Many students with LDs struggle with the mechanics of writing, producing papers full of spelling, capitalization, punctuation, and handwriting miscues. An important goal in writing instruction for students with LDs is to help them develop the knowledge, skills, and strategies used by more skilled writers. Methods for fostering motivation for writing and sharpening self-efficacy are also important, as children are less likely to engage in the types of mental activities that epitomize skilled writing if they do not value writing or if they overestimate their abilities. An essential tactic in preventing writing difficulties is to provide exemplary writing instruction right from the start, beginning in first grade and continuing through high school. A critical element in providing effective writing instruction to students with LDs is to tailor instruction, so that it is responsive to their needs. Teachers need to devote more attention to teaching handwriting, phonics for spelling, and punctuation and capitalization skills to weaker writers than to average writers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLearning About Learning Disabilities
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages281-313
Number of pages33
ISBN (Print)9780127625331
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Learning Disorders
Students
Handwriting
Teaching
Aptitude
Foster Home Care
Self Efficacy
Mechanics
Motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Graham, S., Harris, K., & MacArthur, C. (2004). Writing Instruction. In Learning About Learning Disabilities (pp. 281-313). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012762533-1/50011-1

Writing Instruction. / Graham, Stephen; Harris, Karen; MacArthur, Charles.

Learning About Learning Disabilities. Elsevier Inc., 2004. p. 281-313.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Graham, S, Harris, K & MacArthur, C 2004, Writing Instruction. in Learning About Learning Disabilities. Elsevier Inc., pp. 281-313. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012762533-1/50011-1
Graham S, Harris K, MacArthur C. Writing Instruction. In Learning About Learning Disabilities. Elsevier Inc. 2004. p. 281-313 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012762533-1/50011-1
Graham, Stephen ; Harris, Karen ; MacArthur, Charles. / Writing Instruction. Learning About Learning Disabilities. Elsevier Inc., 2004. pp. 281-313
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