Working Memory Training May Increase Working Memory Capacity but Not Fluid Intelligence

Tyler L. Harrison, Zach Shipstead, Kenny L. Hicks, David Z. Hambrick, Thomas S. Redick, Randall W. Engle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

167 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Working memory is a critical element of complex cognition, particularly under conditions of distraction and interference. Measures of working memory capacity correlate positively with many measures of real-world cognition, including fluid intelligence. There have been numerous attempts to use training procedures to increase working memory capacity and thereby performance on the real-world tasks that rely on working memory capacity. In the study reported here, we demonstrated that training on complex working memory span tasks leads to improvement on similar tasks with different materials but that such training does not generalize to measures of fluid intelligence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2409-2419
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Science
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Fingerprint

Intelligence
Short-Term Memory
Learning
Cognition
Working Memory Capacity
Working Memory
Real World

Keywords

  • attention
  • cognitive ability
  • intelligence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Harrison, T. L., Shipstead, Z., Hicks, K. L., Hambrick, D. Z., Redick, T. S., & Engle, R. W. (2013). Working Memory Training May Increase Working Memory Capacity but Not Fluid Intelligence. Psychological Science, 24(12), 2409-2419. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797613492984

Working Memory Training May Increase Working Memory Capacity but Not Fluid Intelligence. / Harrison, Tyler L.; Shipstead, Zach; Hicks, Kenny L.; Hambrick, David Z.; Redick, Thomas S.; Engle, Randall W.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 24, No. 12, 12.2013, p. 2409-2419.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harrison, TL, Shipstead, Z, Hicks, KL, Hambrick, DZ, Redick, TS & Engle, RW 2013, 'Working Memory Training May Increase Working Memory Capacity but Not Fluid Intelligence', Psychological Science, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 2409-2419. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797613492984
Harrison TL, Shipstead Z, Hicks KL, Hambrick DZ, Redick TS, Engle RW. Working Memory Training May Increase Working Memory Capacity but Not Fluid Intelligence. Psychological Science. 2013 Dec;24(12):2409-2419. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797613492984
Harrison, Tyler L. ; Shipstead, Zach ; Hicks, Kenny L. ; Hambrick, David Z. ; Redick, Thomas S. ; Engle, Randall W. / Working Memory Training May Increase Working Memory Capacity but Not Fluid Intelligence. In: Psychological Science. 2013 ; Vol. 24, No. 12. pp. 2409-2419.
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