Women selectively guard their (desirable) mates from ovulating women

Jaimie Arona Krems, Rebecca Neel, Steven Neuberg, David A. Puts, Douglas Kenrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

For women, forming close, cooperative relationships with other women at once poses important opportunities and possible threats-including to mate retention. To maximize the benefits and minimize the costs of same-sex social relationships, we propose that women's mate guarding is functionally flexible and that women are sensitive to both interpersonal and contextual cues indicating whether other women might be likely and effective mate poachers. Here, we assess one such cue: other women's fertility. Because ovulating (i.e., high-fertility) women are both more attractive to men and also more attracted to (desirable) men, ovulating women may be perceived to pose heightened threats to other women's romantic relationships. Across 4 experiments, partnered women were exposed to photographs of other women taken during either their ovulatory or nonovulatory menstrual-cycle phases, and consistently reported intentions to socially avoid ovulating (but not nonovulating) women-but only when their own partners were highly desirable. Exposure to ovulating women also increased women's sexual desires for their (highly desirable) partners. These findings suggest that women can be sensitive to subtle cues of other women's fertility and respond (e.g., via social exclusion, enhanced sexual attention to own mate) in ways that may facilitate their mate retention goals while not thwarting their affiliative goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-573
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume110
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • Close relationships
  • Female sociality
  • Mate guarding
  • Ovulatory cycle effects
  • Social cognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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