Women scientists in academia: Geographically constrained to big cities, college clusters, or the coasts?

Stephen Kulis, Diane Sicotte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Women scientists in academia have been shown to be less geographically mobile than their male counterparts, a factor that may exacerbate gender inequities in faculty representation, tenure, and salary. This study examines the extent to which the jobs of academic women scientists are disproportionately concentrated in large cities, areas with many colleges and universities, and regions where most doctorates are granted. We also investigate whether jobs in these locations affect salary, tenure, full-time faculty status, and employment outside one's field of training in ways that differ for women and men. Our analysis is guided by arguments that geographic constraints on women's mobility are rooted in social factors, such as gender roles and mate selection patterns. Data are drawn from over 13,000 faculty respondents in the national Survey of Doctoral Recipients, representing 22 science and engineering disciplines and over 1,000 4-year colleges or universities. Regression analysis reveals that, irrespective of their family status, women faculty are more likely than their male counterparts to reside in doctoral production centers, areas with large clusters of colleges, and large cities. Responsibility for children intensifies women's geographic concentration more than marriage does and in ways that differ from men. Geographic concentration also appears generally more harmful to women's careers than to men's. Women in doctoral production centers are less likely to have tenure and more likely to work part time; those in larger cities are more likely to be in jobs off the tenure track. Locales with many colleges appear to present somewhat better career prospects for women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-30
Number of pages30
JournalResearch in Higher Education
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

large city
salary
career prospect
part-time work
university
gender role
social factors
regression analysis
recipient
marriage
career
engineering
responsibility
gender
science

Keywords

  • Gender equity
  • Geographic constraints
  • Occupational mobility
  • Women faculty
  • Women scientists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Women scientists in academia : Geographically constrained to big cities, college clusters, or the coasts? / Kulis, Stephen; Sicotte, Diane.

In: Research in Higher Education, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2002, p. 1-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{687aa2a1f49d4069b7a9af2710a98b1e,
title = "Women scientists in academia: Geographically constrained to big cities, college clusters, or the coasts?",
abstract = "Women scientists in academia have been shown to be less geographically mobile than their male counterparts, a factor that may exacerbate gender inequities in faculty representation, tenure, and salary. This study examines the extent to which the jobs of academic women scientists are disproportionately concentrated in large cities, areas with many colleges and universities, and regions where most doctorates are granted. We also investigate whether jobs in these locations affect salary, tenure, full-time faculty status, and employment outside one's field of training in ways that differ for women and men. Our analysis is guided by arguments that geographic constraints on women's mobility are rooted in social factors, such as gender roles and mate selection patterns. Data are drawn from over 13,000 faculty respondents in the national Survey of Doctoral Recipients, representing 22 science and engineering disciplines and over 1,000 4-year colleges or universities. Regression analysis reveals that, irrespective of their family status, women faculty are more likely than their male counterparts to reside in doctoral production centers, areas with large clusters of colleges, and large cities. Responsibility for children intensifies women's geographic concentration more than marriage does and in ways that differ from men. Geographic concentration also appears generally more harmful to women's careers than to men's. Women in doctoral production centers are less likely to have tenure and more likely to work part time; those in larger cities are more likely to be in jobs off the tenure track. Locales with many colleges appear to present somewhat better career prospects for women.",
keywords = "Gender equity, Geographic constraints, Occupational mobility, Women faculty, Women scientists",
author = "Stephen Kulis and Diane Sicotte",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1023/A:1013097716317",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "43",
pages = "1--30",
journal = "Research in Higher Education",
issn = "0361-0365",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Women scientists in academia

T2 - Geographically constrained to big cities, college clusters, or the coasts?

AU - Kulis, Stephen

AU - Sicotte, Diane

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Women scientists in academia have been shown to be less geographically mobile than their male counterparts, a factor that may exacerbate gender inequities in faculty representation, tenure, and salary. This study examines the extent to which the jobs of academic women scientists are disproportionately concentrated in large cities, areas with many colleges and universities, and regions where most doctorates are granted. We also investigate whether jobs in these locations affect salary, tenure, full-time faculty status, and employment outside one's field of training in ways that differ for women and men. Our analysis is guided by arguments that geographic constraints on women's mobility are rooted in social factors, such as gender roles and mate selection patterns. Data are drawn from over 13,000 faculty respondents in the national Survey of Doctoral Recipients, representing 22 science and engineering disciplines and over 1,000 4-year colleges or universities. Regression analysis reveals that, irrespective of their family status, women faculty are more likely than their male counterparts to reside in doctoral production centers, areas with large clusters of colleges, and large cities. Responsibility for children intensifies women's geographic concentration more than marriage does and in ways that differ from men. Geographic concentration also appears generally more harmful to women's careers than to men's. Women in doctoral production centers are less likely to have tenure and more likely to work part time; those in larger cities are more likely to be in jobs off the tenure track. Locales with many colleges appear to present somewhat better career prospects for women.

AB - Women scientists in academia have been shown to be less geographically mobile than their male counterparts, a factor that may exacerbate gender inequities in faculty representation, tenure, and salary. This study examines the extent to which the jobs of academic women scientists are disproportionately concentrated in large cities, areas with many colleges and universities, and regions where most doctorates are granted. We also investigate whether jobs in these locations affect salary, tenure, full-time faculty status, and employment outside one's field of training in ways that differ for women and men. Our analysis is guided by arguments that geographic constraints on women's mobility are rooted in social factors, such as gender roles and mate selection patterns. Data are drawn from over 13,000 faculty respondents in the national Survey of Doctoral Recipients, representing 22 science and engineering disciplines and over 1,000 4-year colleges or universities. Regression analysis reveals that, irrespective of their family status, women faculty are more likely than their male counterparts to reside in doctoral production centers, areas with large clusters of colleges, and large cities. Responsibility for children intensifies women's geographic concentration more than marriage does and in ways that differ from men. Geographic concentration also appears generally more harmful to women's careers than to men's. Women in doctoral production centers are less likely to have tenure and more likely to work part time; those in larger cities are more likely to be in jobs off the tenure track. Locales with many colleges appear to present somewhat better career prospects for women.

KW - Gender equity

KW - Geographic constraints

KW - Occupational mobility

KW - Women faculty

KW - Women scientists

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0141737663&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0141737663&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1023/A:1013097716317

DO - 10.1023/A:1013097716317

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0141737663

VL - 43

SP - 1

EP - 30

JO - Research in Higher Education

JF - Research in Higher Education

SN - 0361-0365

IS - 1

ER -