Within-individual relations of emotional, social, and work self-efficacy beliefs to organizational citizenship behaviors

Guido Alessandri, Lorenzo Filosa, Nancy Eisenberg, Gian Vittorio Caprara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) represent a specific class of prosocial behaviors observable in the organizational environment. This study examined the longitudinal relations among regulatory emotional, social and work self-efficacy beliefs, and their relations to Organizational Citizenship Behaviors directed at specific individuals (OCBIs) at work, using a Latent State-Trait Model with Autoregressive effects (LST-A). The LST-A decomposes variance into trait, autoregressive, and occasion-related components, and allowed for testing of all hypotheses at the within-worker level. The model was tested using longitudinal data from N = 562 italian workers. Results supported the hypotheses that both social and work self-efficacy fully mediated the longitudinal relations between regulatory emotional self-efficacy in managing negative emotions at work and OCBIs. Theoretical and practical contributions of the findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104073
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • OCBs
  • Prosociality at work
  • Self-efficacy
  • Within-individual level of analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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