Wideband Hybrid Envelope Tracking Modulator with Hysteretic-Controlled Three-Level Switching Converter and Slew-Rate Enhanced Linear Amplifier

Parisa Mahmoudidaryan, Debashis Mandal, Bertan Bakkaloglu, Sayfe Kiaei

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    A wideband hybrid Envelope tracking (ET) modulator utilizing a hysteretic-controlled three-level switching converter (3L-SWC) and a slew-rate enhanced linear amplifier (LA) are presented. In addition to smaller ripple and lower losses of 3L-SWCs, employing the proposed hysteresis control loop results in a higher speed loop and wider bandwidth converter, enabling over 80 MHz of switching frequency. A concurrent sensor circuit monitors and regulates the flying capacitor voltage VCF and eliminates the conventionally required calibration loop to control it. The hysteretic-controlled 3L-SWC provides a high percentage of power amplifier (PA) supply load current with lower ripple, reducing the LA high-frequency current and ripple cancellation current, improving the overall system efficiency. A slew-rate enhancement (SRE) circuit is employed in the LA, resulting in slew rate of over 307 V/μs and bandwidth of over 275 MHz for the LA. The SRE circuit provides a parallel auxiliary current path directly to the gate of the class-AB output stage transistors, speeding-up the charging or discharging of output without modifying the operating point of the remaining LA, while maintaining the quiescent current of the class-AB stage. The supply modulator is fabricated in a 65-nm CMOS process. The measurement results show the tracking of long-term evolution (LTE)-40-MHz envelope with 93% peak efficiency at 1-W output power, while the SRE is disabled. Enabling the SRE, it can track LTE-80-MHz envelope with peak efficiency of 91%.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number8863502
    Pages (from-to)3336-3347
    Number of pages12
    JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
    Volume54
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 2019

    Keywords

    • Envelope tracking (ET)
    • hybrid
    • hysteresis control
    • long-term evolution (LTE)
    • LTE-advanced
    • power amplifier (PA)
    • slew-rate enhancement (SRE)
    • supply modulator
    • three-level switching converter (3L-SWC)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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