WHY DO FORAGERS SHARE AND SHARERS FORAGE? EXPLORATIONS OF SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF FORAGING

Michael Gurven, Kim Hill, Felipe Jakugi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Commonly studied hunter-gatherer traits, such as grouping and sharing, may require special attention when self-selection introduces bias into typical analyses. We therefore re-examine forager sociality by asking a series of nested questions: (1) To what extent are foraging groups random samples from the larger population? (2) What social and economic factors might explain the composition of foraging groups? (3) If certain groups of individuals preferentially forage together, do these same groups also preferentially share with each other when resident at their permanent settlement? (4) To what extent can we understand behavior in the foraging context without consideration of other contexts in which individuals live and work, and vice versa? Among the Ache of Paraguay, we show that foraging treks are not representative of the larger population, individuals vary in the kinds of treks in which they participate, and those who tend to share together at the reservation are more likely to forage together on trek.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-43
Number of pages25
JournalResearch in Economic Anthropology
Volume23
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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