Who is serving drug abuse clients: Treatment delivery by professionals versus paraprofessionals, by paid staff versus volunteers

L. S. Aiken, L. LoSciuto, M. Ausetts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In two national studies we have detailed who is treating drug addicts, and, from staff evaluation and client progress, how well they are providing these services. In our first study, we contrasted three groups of paid counselors in drug-free outpatient (DF) and methadone maintenance (MM) modalities: 1) professional counselors with no addiction background who held at least a bachelor of arts degree (PROs); 2) ex-addict paraprofessional counselors who did not hold a bachelor's degree (EXAs); and 3) non-ex-addict paraprofessional counselors who had neither a bachelor's degree nor a history of drug addiction (NEAs). These counselor groups were contrasted in terms of their functions and activities in the program, their attitudes to clients, the attitudes of clients to them, and the progress of their clients in treatment. In the second study we examined the services provided by volunteers in more than 100 drug-free outpatient and therapeutic community (TC) programs nationwide. Here we detailed the services provided by both specialized volunteers such as physicians, lawyers, and psychologists, and, more importantly for our purposes here, by volunteer counselors. We explored the views of program administrators and paid counselors on the worth of program volunteers, and on the staff support, training, and supervision required to use volunteers. We examined in some detail sources of volunteers and their motivations for and satisfactions with volunteering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-145
Number of pages23
JournalNIDA Research Monograph Series
VolumeNO. 58
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Substance-Related Disorders
Volunteers
Therapeutics
Outpatients
Therapeutic Community
Training Support
Lawyers
Methadone
Art
Drug Users
Counselors
Administrative Personnel
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Motivation
Psychology
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Who is serving drug abuse clients : Treatment delivery by professionals versus paraprofessionals, by paid staff versus volunteers. / Aiken, L. S.; LoSciuto, L.; Ausetts, M.

In: NIDA Research Monograph Series, Vol. NO. 58, 1985, p. 123-145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c244cfcb3070496fa940a7f1ba211c01,
title = "Who is serving drug abuse clients: Treatment delivery by professionals versus paraprofessionals, by paid staff versus volunteers",
abstract = "In two national studies we have detailed who is treating drug addicts, and, from staff evaluation and client progress, how well they are providing these services. In our first study, we contrasted three groups of paid counselors in drug-free outpatient (DF) and methadone maintenance (MM) modalities: 1) professional counselors with no addiction background who held at least a bachelor of arts degree (PROs); 2) ex-addict paraprofessional counselors who did not hold a bachelor's degree (EXAs); and 3) non-ex-addict paraprofessional counselors who had neither a bachelor's degree nor a history of drug addiction (NEAs). These counselor groups were contrasted in terms of their functions and activities in the program, their attitudes to clients, the attitudes of clients to them, and the progress of their clients in treatment. In the second study we examined the services provided by volunteers in more than 100 drug-free outpatient and therapeutic community (TC) programs nationwide. Here we detailed the services provided by both specialized volunteers such as physicians, lawyers, and psychologists, and, more importantly for our purposes here, by volunteer counselors. We explored the views of program administrators and paid counselors on the worth of program volunteers, and on the staff support, training, and supervision required to use volunteers. We examined in some detail sources of volunteers and their motivations for and satisfactions with volunteering.",
author = "Aiken, {L. S.} and L. LoSciuto and M. Ausetts",
year = "1985",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "NO. 58",
pages = "123--145",
journal = "NIDA research monograph",
issn = "1046-9516",
publisher = "National Institute on Drug Abuse",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Who is serving drug abuse clients

T2 - Treatment delivery by professionals versus paraprofessionals, by paid staff versus volunteers

AU - Aiken, L. S.

AU - LoSciuto, L.

AU - Ausetts, M.

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - In two national studies we have detailed who is treating drug addicts, and, from staff evaluation and client progress, how well they are providing these services. In our first study, we contrasted three groups of paid counselors in drug-free outpatient (DF) and methadone maintenance (MM) modalities: 1) professional counselors with no addiction background who held at least a bachelor of arts degree (PROs); 2) ex-addict paraprofessional counselors who did not hold a bachelor's degree (EXAs); and 3) non-ex-addict paraprofessional counselors who had neither a bachelor's degree nor a history of drug addiction (NEAs). These counselor groups were contrasted in terms of their functions and activities in the program, their attitudes to clients, the attitudes of clients to them, and the progress of their clients in treatment. In the second study we examined the services provided by volunteers in more than 100 drug-free outpatient and therapeutic community (TC) programs nationwide. Here we detailed the services provided by both specialized volunteers such as physicians, lawyers, and psychologists, and, more importantly for our purposes here, by volunteer counselors. We explored the views of program administrators and paid counselors on the worth of program volunteers, and on the staff support, training, and supervision required to use volunteers. We examined in some detail sources of volunteers and their motivations for and satisfactions with volunteering.

AB - In two national studies we have detailed who is treating drug addicts, and, from staff evaluation and client progress, how well they are providing these services. In our first study, we contrasted three groups of paid counselors in drug-free outpatient (DF) and methadone maintenance (MM) modalities: 1) professional counselors with no addiction background who held at least a bachelor of arts degree (PROs); 2) ex-addict paraprofessional counselors who did not hold a bachelor's degree (EXAs); and 3) non-ex-addict paraprofessional counselors who had neither a bachelor's degree nor a history of drug addiction (NEAs). These counselor groups were contrasted in terms of their functions and activities in the program, their attitudes to clients, the attitudes of clients to them, and the progress of their clients in treatment. In the second study we examined the services provided by volunteers in more than 100 drug-free outpatient and therapeutic community (TC) programs nationwide. Here we detailed the services provided by both specialized volunteers such as physicians, lawyers, and psychologists, and, more importantly for our purposes here, by volunteer counselors. We explored the views of program administrators and paid counselors on the worth of program volunteers, and on the staff support, training, and supervision required to use volunteers. We examined in some detail sources of volunteers and their motivations for and satisfactions with volunteering.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0022270833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0022270833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 3929124

AN - SCOPUS:0022270833

VL - NO. 58

SP - 123

EP - 145

JO - NIDA research monograph

JF - NIDA research monograph

SN - 1046-9516

ER -