White children's empathy-related responding and prosocial behavior toward White and Black children

Tracy L. Spinrad, Nancy Eisenberg, Sonya Xinyue Xiao, Jingyi Xu, Rebecca H. Berger, Sarah L. Pierotti, Deborah J. Laible, Gustavo Carlo, Diana E. Gal-Szabo, Jayley Janssen, Ashley Fraser, Xiaoye Xu, Wen Wang, Jamie Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Relations among White (non-Latinx) children's empathy-related responding, prosocial behaviors, and racial attitudes toward White and Black peers were examined. In 2017, 190 (54% boys) White 5- to 9-year-old children (M = 7.09 years, SD = 0.94) watched a series of videos that depicted social rejection of either a White or Black child. Empathy-related responses, prosocial behaviors, and racial attitudes were measured using multiple methods. Results showed that younger children showed less facial concern toward Black than White peers and greater increases with age in concern and prosocial behaviors (sharing a desirable prize) for Black, compared to White, targets. Children's facial anger increased with age for White but not Black targets. The findings can extend our understanding children's anti-racism development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChild development
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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