When the going gets tough, does support get going? Determinants of spousal support provision to type 2 diabetic patients

Masumi Iida, Mary Ann Stephens, Karen S. Rook, Melissa M. Franks, James K. Salem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although spousal support has been linked to positive outcomes in various health-related contexts, some research has found that the amount of social support provided to those who are chronically ill deteriorates over time. The current study refines the literature by considering multiple factors associated with spouses' provision of emotional support to partners with Type 2 diabetes. This diary study (N = 126 couples) examined the roles that stressor (disease severity and diabetes-specific anxiety), recipient (negative and positive affect), provider (negative and positive affect), and relationship (tension and enjoyment) factors play in spouses' provision of emotional support. Daily disease severity, patients' and spouses' daily negative affect, and spouses' daily relationship enjoyment were predictors of support provision. Wives, but not husbands, provided more support on days when patients experienced diabetes-specific anxiety. Results advance understanding of support provision in the context of a chronic stressor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)780-791
Number of pages12
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic illness
  • Daily diary studies
  • Dyadic relationships
  • Multilevel models
  • Support provision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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