When psychopathology matters most

Identifying sensitive periods when within-person changes in conduct, affective and anxiety problems are associated with male adolescent substance use

Magdalena Cerdá, Seth J. Prins, Sandro Galea, Chanelle J. Howe, Dustin Pardini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: There is a documented link between common psychiatric disorders and substance use in adolescent males. This study addressed two key questions: (1) is there a within-person association between an increase in psychiatric problems and an increase in substance use among adolescent males and (2) are there sensitive periods during male adolescence when such associations are more evident? Design: Analysis of longitudinal data collected annually on boys selected randomly from schools based on a comprehensive public school enrollment list from the Pittsburgh Board of Education. Setting: Recruitment occurred in public schools in Pittsburgh, Pennysylvania, USA. Participants: A total of 503 boys assessed at ages 13-19 years, average cooperation rate = 92.1%. Measurements: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-oriented affective, anxiety and conduct disorder problems were measured with items from the caregiver, teacher and youth version of the Achenbach scales. Scales were converted to t-scores using age- and gender-based national norms and combined by taking the average across informants. Alcohol and marijuana use were assessed semi-annually by a 16-item Substance Use Scale adapted from the National Youth Survey. Findings: When male adolescents experienced a 1-unit increase in their conduct problems t-score, their rate of marijuana use subsequently increased by 1.03 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.01, 1.05], and alcohol quantity increased by 1.01 (95% CI = 1.0002, 1.02). When adolescents experienced a 1-unit increase in their average quantity of alcohol use, their anxiety problems t-score subsequently increased by 0.12 (95% CI = 0.05, 0.19). These associations were strongest in early and late adolescence. Conclusions: When adolescent boys experience an increase in conduct disorder problems, they are more likely to exhibit a subsequent escalation in substance use. As adolescent boys increase their intensity of alcohol use, they become more likely to develop subsequent anxiety problems. Developmental turning points such as early and late adolescence appear to be particularly sensitive periods for boys to develop comorbid patterns of psychiatric problems and substance use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAddiction
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Psychopathology
Anxiety
Alcohols
Psychiatry
Conduct Disorder
Confidence Intervals
Cannabis
Anxiety Disorders
Mood Disorders
Caregivers
Substance-Related Disorders
Students
Education

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Comorbidity
  • Conduct disorder
  • Depression
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{3558ba69a53943339593f0410d390fb4,
title = "When psychopathology matters most: Identifying sensitive periods when within-person changes in conduct, affective and anxiety problems are associated with male adolescent substance use",
abstract = "Background and aims: There is a documented link between common psychiatric disorders and substance use in adolescent males. This study addressed two key questions: (1) is there a within-person association between an increase in psychiatric problems and an increase in substance use among adolescent males and (2) are there sensitive periods during male adolescence when such associations are more evident? Design: Analysis of longitudinal data collected annually on boys selected randomly from schools based on a comprehensive public school enrollment list from the Pittsburgh Board of Education. Setting: Recruitment occurred in public schools in Pittsburgh, Pennysylvania, USA. Participants: A total of 503 boys assessed at ages 13-19 years, average cooperation rate = 92.1{\%}. Measurements: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-oriented affective, anxiety and conduct disorder problems were measured with items from the caregiver, teacher and youth version of the Achenbach scales. Scales were converted to t-scores using age- and gender-based national norms and combined by taking the average across informants. Alcohol and marijuana use were assessed semi-annually by a 16-item Substance Use Scale adapted from the National Youth Survey. Findings: When male adolescents experienced a 1-unit increase in their conduct problems t-score, their rate of marijuana use subsequently increased by 1.03 [95{\%} confidence interval (CI) = 1.01, 1.05], and alcohol quantity increased by 1.01 (95{\%} CI = 1.0002, 1.02). When adolescents experienced a 1-unit increase in their average quantity of alcohol use, their anxiety problems t-score subsequently increased by 0.12 (95{\%} CI = 0.05, 0.19). These associations were strongest in early and late adolescence. Conclusions: When adolescent boys experience an increase in conduct disorder problems, they are more likely to exhibit a subsequent escalation in substance use. As adolescent boys increase their intensity of alcohol use, they become more likely to develop subsequent anxiety problems. Developmental turning points such as early and late adolescence appear to be particularly sensitive periods for boys to develop comorbid patterns of psychiatric problems and substance use.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Comorbidity, Conduct disorder, Depression, Substance use",
author = "Magdalena Cerd{\'a} and Prins, {Seth J.} and Sandro Galea and Howe, {Chanelle J.} and Dustin Pardini",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1111/add.13304",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Addiction",
issn = "0965-2140",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - When psychopathology matters most

T2 - Identifying sensitive periods when within-person changes in conduct, affective and anxiety problems are associated with male adolescent substance use

AU - Cerdá, Magdalena

AU - Prins, Seth J.

AU - Galea, Sandro

AU - Howe, Chanelle J.

AU - Pardini, Dustin

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Background and aims: There is a documented link between common psychiatric disorders and substance use in adolescent males. This study addressed two key questions: (1) is there a within-person association between an increase in psychiatric problems and an increase in substance use among adolescent males and (2) are there sensitive periods during male adolescence when such associations are more evident? Design: Analysis of longitudinal data collected annually on boys selected randomly from schools based on a comprehensive public school enrollment list from the Pittsburgh Board of Education. Setting: Recruitment occurred in public schools in Pittsburgh, Pennysylvania, USA. Participants: A total of 503 boys assessed at ages 13-19 years, average cooperation rate = 92.1%. Measurements: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-oriented affective, anxiety and conduct disorder problems were measured with items from the caregiver, teacher and youth version of the Achenbach scales. Scales were converted to t-scores using age- and gender-based national norms and combined by taking the average across informants. Alcohol and marijuana use were assessed semi-annually by a 16-item Substance Use Scale adapted from the National Youth Survey. Findings: When male adolescents experienced a 1-unit increase in their conduct problems t-score, their rate of marijuana use subsequently increased by 1.03 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.01, 1.05], and alcohol quantity increased by 1.01 (95% CI = 1.0002, 1.02). When adolescents experienced a 1-unit increase in their average quantity of alcohol use, their anxiety problems t-score subsequently increased by 0.12 (95% CI = 0.05, 0.19). These associations were strongest in early and late adolescence. Conclusions: When adolescent boys experience an increase in conduct disorder problems, they are more likely to exhibit a subsequent escalation in substance use. As adolescent boys increase their intensity of alcohol use, they become more likely to develop subsequent anxiety problems. Developmental turning points such as early and late adolescence appear to be particularly sensitive periods for boys to develop comorbid patterns of psychiatric problems and substance use.

AB - Background and aims: There is a documented link between common psychiatric disorders and substance use in adolescent males. This study addressed two key questions: (1) is there a within-person association between an increase in psychiatric problems and an increase in substance use among adolescent males and (2) are there sensitive periods during male adolescence when such associations are more evident? Design: Analysis of longitudinal data collected annually on boys selected randomly from schools based on a comprehensive public school enrollment list from the Pittsburgh Board of Education. Setting: Recruitment occurred in public schools in Pittsburgh, Pennysylvania, USA. Participants: A total of 503 boys assessed at ages 13-19 years, average cooperation rate = 92.1%. Measurements: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-oriented affective, anxiety and conduct disorder problems were measured with items from the caregiver, teacher and youth version of the Achenbach scales. Scales were converted to t-scores using age- and gender-based national norms and combined by taking the average across informants. Alcohol and marijuana use were assessed semi-annually by a 16-item Substance Use Scale adapted from the National Youth Survey. Findings: When male adolescents experienced a 1-unit increase in their conduct problems t-score, their rate of marijuana use subsequently increased by 1.03 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.01, 1.05], and alcohol quantity increased by 1.01 (95% CI = 1.0002, 1.02). When adolescents experienced a 1-unit increase in their average quantity of alcohol use, their anxiety problems t-score subsequently increased by 0.12 (95% CI = 0.05, 0.19). These associations were strongest in early and late adolescence. Conclusions: When adolescent boys experience an increase in conduct disorder problems, they are more likely to exhibit a subsequent escalation in substance use. As adolescent boys increase their intensity of alcohol use, they become more likely to develop subsequent anxiety problems. Developmental turning points such as early and late adolescence appear to be particularly sensitive periods for boys to develop comorbid patterns of psychiatric problems and substance use.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Comorbidity

KW - Conduct disorder

KW - Depression

KW - Substance use

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