We investigated the moderating influence of interviewer goals (accuracy vs. expectation confirmation) on the effects of preinterview expectations in simulated employment interviews. Consistent with past findings, accuracy-motivated interviewers gathered information more thoroughly from their negative-expectation applicants, mitigating the effects of their expectations. In contrast, confirmation-goal interviewers (a) asked their negative-expectation applicants relatively few questions, leading them to perform relatively poorly; and (b) displayed greater interpersonal warmth toward them, in an apparent attempt to mask the social undesirability of their goal. The interaction of few questions asked and great interpersonal warmth led the negative-expectation applicants to overestimate greatly the quality of their performance. These findings point to the costs associated with having interviewers motivated to confirm negative preinterview expectations and illustrate more generally the critical moderating role of social motives in expectation-tinged encounters.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Basic and Applied Social Psychology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology