When does national identity matter? Convergence and divergence in international business ethics

Wendy Bailey, Andrew Spicer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Integrative social contracts theory has multilevel implications for similarities and differences in ethical attitudes between and among members of national groups. This theory identifies two conditions-type of norm and degree of community inclusion-that predict convergence rather than divergence in ethical attitudes. Our findings support our convergence hypotheses. Russian and American survey respondents expressed similar attitudes toward organizational practices violating ethical "hypernorms." American expatriates who were highly included in Russian communities expressed attitudes similar to those of Russian respondents when evaluating "local norm" practices. In both cases, Russians' and Americans' ethical attitudes converged despite differences in their national identities. Copyright of the Academy of Management, all rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1462-1480
Number of pages19
JournalAcademy of Management Journal
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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